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Århus(ôr`ho͞os), city (1992 pop. 204,139), capital of Århus co., central Denmark, on Århus Bay, an arm of the Kattegat. The second largest city in Denmark, it is a commercial, industrial, and shipping center. Manufactures include beer, metals, textiles, machinery, chemicals, processed food, ships, and tobacco products. First mentioned in the mid-10th cent., Århus is one of the oldest cities in Denmark. It developed rapidly after it became an episcopal see in the 11th cent. The city declined after the Reformation (16th cent.) but recovered its prosperity in the 18th cent. Århus is also a cultural center, with a university (opened 1928), a prominent theater, a museum group of early Danish houses, and a large library. Noteworthy buildings include the Cathedral of St. Clemens (1201) and the town hall (1942), made of Norwegian marble. Until 1948 the city's name was spelled Aarhus.
(also Aarhus), a city and a port in Denmark, situated east of Jutland Peninsula, on Århus Bay, which opens into the Kattegat. Administrative center of the amt (county) of Århus; population, 119,600 (1971). Århus is a railroad junction and a commercial and industrial center. It has machine-building (equipment and refrigerators), oil-refining, chemical, textile, and food industries. The city is the site of a university.
Århus, one of Denmark’s oldest cities, was first mentioned in 948. The old city, which is situated on both shores of Århus Bay, is the site of a Romanesque-Gothic cathedral (13th to 15th centuries), the Romanesque-Gothic Church of Our Lady (late 11th through 15th centuries), and the old city hall (1857). Modern architecture in Århus includes the new city hall (1938–42, architects C. F. Møller and A. Jacobsen), E. Thomsen’s and E. Heiberg’s buildings, K. Nielsen’s monuments (1921–24), and the university complex. Århus is the site of the open-air Old Town Museum, which includes about 50 old houses, mostly framed structures from various regions of Denmark. The city also has an art museum, which houses modern Danish painting.