Born Oct. 19, 1924, in Veselí nad Lužnicí. Czechoslovak state and political figure.
The son of a worker, Štrougal was educated as a lawyer. He joined the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia in 1945. In 1958 he became a member of the Central Committee of the CPC. He was minister of agriculture, forestry, and water resources from 1959 to 1961 and minister of internal affairs from 1961 to 1965. He served as secretary of the Central Committee of the CPC from 1965 to 1968.
In 1968 and 1969, Štrougal was deputy prime minister of the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic (CSSR). From 1968 to 1970 he was secretary of the Central Committee of the CPC and chairman of the Bureau for Directing Party Work in the Czech Lands of the Central Committee. In November 1968, Štrougal became a member of the Presidium of the Central Committee of the CPC; he became prime minister of the CSSR in 1970. He was a deputy to the National Assembly from 1960 to 1968 and became a deputy to the Federal Assembly of the CSSR in 1969. Štrougal was awarded the Order of the Republic in 1974.