École des Beaux-Arts

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École des Beaux-Arts

(ākôl` dā bōzär`)[Fr.,=school of fine arts], French national school of fine arts, on the Quai Malaquais, Paris, founded in 1648 by Charles Le BrunLe Brun, Charles
, 1619–90, French painter, decorator, and architect. He studied with Vouet and in Rome. Strongly influenced by Poussin, he returned in 1646 to Paris, where he gradually developed a more decorative form of classicism.
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 with the consent of Cardinal Mazarin as the Académie de peinture et de sculpture; the title was changed in 1793, when it merged with the Académie d'architecture, founded in 1671 by Jean Baptiste ColbertColbert, Jean Baptiste
, 1619–83, French statesman. The son of a draper, he was trained in business and was hired by Cardinal Mazarin to look after his financial affairs.
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. It includes departments of painting, graphic arts, and sculpture and is free to artists whose previous training enables them to pass the entrance examinations. Architecture was taught at the school until 1968. Students are prepared in the various courses to compete for the Prix de RomePrix de Rome, Grand
, prize awarded annually by the French government, through competitive examination, to students of the fine arts. It entitles them to four years' study at the Académie de France à Rome.
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, which provides admission to the Académie de France à Rome. Besides its extensive collection of plaster casts of antiquities, the École is known for its superb collection of old-master drawings and for its exhibitions.

Beaux-Arts, École des:

see École des Beaux-ArtsÉcole des Beaux-Arts
[Fr.,=school of fine arts], French national school of fine arts, on the Quai Malaquais, Paris, founded in 1648 by Charles Le Brun with the consent of Cardinal Mazarin as the Académie de peinture et de sculpture; the title was changed in 1793,
..... Click the link for more information.
.

École des Beaux-Arts

A school founded in 1648 in Paris to teach painting and sculpture, literally the “School of Fine Arts”; architecture was added to the studies in 1819, emphasizing the study of Classical Greek and Roman buildings; the students were grouped in ateliers supervised by a master. Richard Morris Hunt was one of the first Americans to study at the school, followed by many other late nineteenth-century and early twentieth-century architects.

École des Beaux-Arts

The school in Paris that taught elaborate, historic, and eclectic architecture, designed on a monumental scale, based on classical architecture of Hellenic Greece and Imperial Rome, that adapted features of French architecture of the 16th, 17th, and 18th centuries; became a State institution in 1863 and still is the center of the teaching of architecture in France. Also see Beaux-Arts style.
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