During the rule of Caliph Hisham ibn 'Abd al-Malik
in the year 109H/727 A.
In the 8th century, during the rule of Abd Allah ibn 'Abd al-Malik
(705-730 AD) Copts were tattooed as a means to distinguish them as a minority population, a time during which they suffered extensive religious persecution, according to the "Encyclopedia of Religious Freedom" by Catharine Cookson.
The lexicon Thimar al-qulub (Fruit of the Hearts) by 'Abd al-Malik
ibn Muhammad al-Tha'alibi (961-1038) devotes an entry to "the wisdom of Luqman," (32) identified as an Abyssinian slave of an Israelite at the time of King David.
The scientist responsible for supervising it was Khalid bin 'Abd al-Malik
He owed debt for the foundation of his Arabic education to such philologists and scholars as Abu 'Ubaydah Ma'mar al-Muthanna, 'Abd al-Malik
52) Its iconography mimics the "post-re form" coinage style that the Umayyad 'Abd al-Malik
instituted toward the end of the second fitna (ca.
This can be seen from his letters to Khalifah 'Abd al-Malik
While the printing of the basmala is recorded on some of the earliest Umayyad coinage, (75) the introduction of Quranic formulae does not occur until the sweeping currency reforms of the caliph 'Abd al-Malik
For the purposes of his project, Mourad examined six works related to mysticism as well as the famous theological tract written to the caliph 'Abd al-Malik
Before his accession to the caliphate, al-Walid was married to Umm 'Abd al-Malik
The caliphate of 'Abd al-Malik
ibn Marwan (65-86/685-705) was a crucial juncture for the formation of a new professional army.
Meanwhile, coins of the second category, tellingly, can be dated no earlier than the reign of 'Abd al-Malik