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(1) The totality of rules governing the writing of verse; a synonym of versification.
(2) The study of the laws of composing verse; a synonym of poetics. The term “metrics” is applied primarily to early periods of the study of verse, when versification was understood as a code of normative rules (for example, classical, Arabian, and Indian metrics).
(3) Sometimes, “metrics” is understood to refer to only one branch of the study of verse: the theory of composing a line. The other branches are known as euphonies (the theory of combining sounds) and strophics (the theory of combining lines). In this sense, the expression “metrics and rhythmics” is used loosely, without drawing a precise distinction between the two concepts.