Fletcher v. Peck

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Fletcher v. Peck,

case decided by the U.S. Supreme Court in 1810, involving the Yazoo land fraudYazoo land fraud,
name given to the sale in 1795 by an act of the Georgia legislature of vast holdings in the Yazoo River country to four land companies following the wholesale bribery of the legislators; the territory comprised most of present Alabama and Mississippi.
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. The court ruled that an act of the Georgia legislature rescinding a land grant was unconstitutional because it revoked rights previously granted by contract. The decision was the first to declare a state legislative act unconstitutional.