Panchen Lama

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Panchen Lama:

see Tibetan BuddhismTibetan Buddhism,
form of Buddhism prevailing in the Tibet region of China, Bhutan, the state of Sikkim in India, Mongolia, and parts of Siberia and SW China. It has sometimes been called Lamaism, from the name of the Tibetan monks, the lamas [superior ones].
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Panchen Lama

 

(from pan, shortened form of Sanskrit pandit, “learned man”; Tibetan chen, “great”; and Tibetan lama, “superior”), the title of the second hierarch, after the Dalai Lama, in Tibetan Lamaism. The institution of the Panchen Lama has existed since the mid-17th century. The tenth Panchen Lama was Lobsan Prinlelhuntrup Chkhoki-gyetsei (born 1938). He was elevated to the rank in 1949. He occupied a series of important government posts in the autonomous region of Tibet. He was arrested in 1964, and his subsequent fate is unknown.