Black Sox scandal

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Black Sox scandal,

episode in which eight members of the Chicago White Sox, the American League champions, were banned from baseball in 1921 for having conspired with gamblers to throw the 1919 World Series to the Cincinnati Reds. The best-known of the "Black Sox" was Shoeless Joe JacksonJackson, Shoeless Joe
(Joseph Jefferson Jackson), 1887–1951, American baseball player, b. Brandon Mills, S.C. Holder of the third highest (.356) career batting average in major league history, Jackson was banned from baseball in 1921 for his part in the 1919 Black Sox
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. Because of the scandal, baseball club owners appointed Judge Kenesaw M. LandisLandis, Kenesaw Mountain
, 1866–1944, American jurist and commissioner of baseball (1921–44), b. Millville, Butler co., Ohio, grad. Union College of Law (now Northwestern Univ. law school), 1891.
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 as commissioner of baseball to clean up the sport. The immense, rising popularity of Babe RuthRuth, Babe
(George Herman Ruth), 1895–1948, American baseball player, considered by many the greatest of all baseball players, b. Baltimore. Early Life

When he was seven years old his parents placed him in St.
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 is thought to have counteracted the damage done to professional baseball by the Black Sox.

Black Sox Scandal

star white Sox players sold out to gamblers (1919). [Am. Sports: Turkin, 478]
See: Bribery

Black Sox Scandal

Chicago White Sox baseball players accused of taking bribes to lose the 1919 World Series. [Sports: EB, II: 66]
See: Scandal
References in periodicals archive ?
8) Throughout the 1959 season, during which the "Go-Go Sox" of Luis Aparicio, Nellie Fox, and Early Wynn won the White Sox's first pennant since the 1919 Black Sox Scandal and restored the team's good name, the new owners tried to win over Chuck with no luck.
The presence of Jewish gamblers who were connected to the 1919 Black Sox scandal ignited anti-Semitic feelings in certain quarters, playing into the stereotype of the Jew as a brainy, manipulative cheater.
Of all the seminal moments in Major League Baseball history, the 1919 Black Sox scandal is likely the greatest.
Abrams, a law professor at Northeastern University whose previous books include Legal Bases: Baseball and The Law and The First World Series and the Baseball Fanatics of 1903, investigates some other dubious behavior, including recreational drug and alcohol abuse, violence on and off the field, and gambling, which pre-dates even the infamous 1919 Black Sox Scandal in which a group of eight players conspired to throw the 1919 World Series.
Vincent would later tell Mitchell that the PED problem in MLB "may be the most serious challenge that baseball has faced since the 1919 Black Sox scandal, and that is cheating of the worst sort.
Then came Ripken, breathing new life into the game much the way Babe Ruth had following the infamous 1919 Black Sox scandal.
Bachin not only looks at the role of baseball in American culture, but explores such issues as the 1919 Black Sox scandal to show how "sites of commercial leisure like Comiskey Park became arenas for negotiating the meanings of Americanism, civic culture, labor, and leisure.
11 Shoeless -- Jackson was ruined by the 1919 Black Sox scandal.
356 career hitter (third behind Ty Cobb and Rogers Hornsby) who maintained his innocence in the 1919 Black Sox Scandal but was given a lifetime ban (2002).