Geneva Protocol

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Geneva Protocol:

see protocolprotocol
, term referring to rules governing diplomatic conduct or to a variety of written instruments. Examples of the latter are authenticated minutes of international conferences; preliminary agreements, or statements of principle, which eventuate in a formal treaty; and
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Geneva Protocol

 

(1925; full name, Geneva Protocol on the Prohibition in War of Asphyxiating, Poisonous or Other Such Gases and of Bacteriological Weapons), the principal international agreement concerning the prohibition of chemical and bacteriological warfare. The parties to the Geneva Protocol confirmed their recognition of the ban on the use of chemical weapons and agreed to extend this ban to bacteriological weapons. As of Jan. 1, 1972, the Geneva Protocol had been signed and ratified by 29 states, and 36 states had signed the protocol or acceded to it without ratifying it.

The USSR ratified the Geneva Protocol in 1928, making two reservations in signing it: first, the protocol would obli-gate the USSR government only with respect to states that have signed and ratified or definitively acceded to the protocol; second, the government of the USSR would cease to observe the protocol with respect to any enemy state whose armed forces or whose formal or de facto allies disregarded the prohibitory substance of the protocol. The term of the Geneva Protocol is unlimited, and the signatories have committed themselves to exert every effort to induce other coun-tries to accede to the protocol.

References in periodicals archive ?
17) In short, Congress understood that the 1925 Geneva Protocol was seriously flawed because it did not address the breakout problem.
Chief Justice Roberts and the Bond majority were apparently unaware of the critical differences between the 1925 Geneva Protocol and the 1993 CWC.
The Convention (Ratifications and Signatories) link leads to the texts of all the major agreements leading up to the convention, going as far back as the 1925 Geneva Protocol for the Prohibition of the Use in War of Asphyxiating, Poisonous or Other Gases, and of Bacteriological Methods of Warfare.
Those agreements include, but are not limited to, the 1907 Hague Convention Respecting the Laws and Customs of War on Land, the 1925 Geneva Protocol for the Prohibition of Use in War of Asphyxiating, Poisonous or Other Gases and of Bacteriological Methods of Warfare; and the 1949 Geneva Convention Relative to the Protection of Civilians in Time of War.
Public outrage at the use of poison gases such as phosgene, which blinded soldiers in World War I, led to the 1925 Geneva Protocol prohibiting the use of chemical weapons.
One of the Department's smallest offices is tasked with one complicated mission: analyzing and understanding the 1972 Biological and Toxins Weapons Convention and the 1925 Geneva Protocol.
In 1972, nearly half a century after the 1925 Geneva Protocol banned the use of biological weapons, international delegates began signing the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention (BTWC), all international treaty that further bans their development and possession, except for "prophylactic, protective, or peaceful purposes.
Due to the horror it caused, chlorine gas, along with other chemical agents, was outlawed by the 1925 Geneva Protocols and that was reinforced by the Chemical Weapons Convention of 1992.