Also, three fish per tank (nine fish per dietary treatment) were randomly captured, anaesthetized with 2-phenoxyethanol
solution (200 mg/L) and blood samples were taken from the caudal vein with heparinized syringes to determine respiratory burst activity and total immunoglobin level.
Animal studies have reported that several GEs may affect ovarian function: 2-methoxyethanol (EGME), 2-ethoxyethanol (EGEE), 2-butoxyethanol (EGBE), 2-phenoxyethanol
(EGPhE), and 1,2-bis(methoxyethoxy) ethane (TEGDME) (reviewed by Multigner et al.
It was 30 years after the original discovery before 2-phenoxyethanol
(PE) was isolated from Papermate brand pen ink and shown to elicit trail following (Chen et al.
Fortunately other readily available products approved for use as vaccine preservatives do not contain mercury, are much less toxic, and are cost-comparable to thimerosal including 2-phenoxyethanol
, benzethonium chloride and phenol.
CoMeD representatives met with regional working groups in closed-door sessions and explained the feasibility of using 2-phenoxyethanol
, a much less toxic alternative to Thimerosal, in vaccines and other drugs.
sea water for 30-120 seconds until fish did not beat their tails when they were turned over in the water.
In comparison with 2-phenoxyethanol
, clove oil was effective in 10-fold lower doses.
Comparative efficacy of clove oil and 2-phenoxyethanol
as anesthetics in the aquaculture of European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) and gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata) at different temperatures.
Besides the supra mentioned aspects, we aimed with the present study to obtain the optimum dosage of 2-phenoxyethanol
for maintenance of sedation and evaluate the effects of inter-suture distance on wound healing in goldfish Carassius auratus.
Regulatory status: Japan allows the use of 2-phenoxyethanol
up to a max.
25-1% Applications: pharmaceutical, personal care and cosmetic industries Regulatory status: Japan allows the use of 2-phenoxyethanol
up to a maximum of 1%.
Description: 2,4-dichlorobenzyl alcohol dissolved in 2-phenoxyethanol
and triethylene glycol.