Third World

(redirected from 3rd world)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Financial, Wikipedia.

Third World,

the technologically less advanced, or developing, nations of Asia, Africa, and Latin America, generally characterized as poor, having economies distorted by their dependence on the export of primary products to the developed countries in return for finished products. These nations also tend to have high rates of illiteracy, disease, and population growth and unstable governments. The term Third World was originally intended to distinguish the nonaligned nations that gained independence from colonial rule beginning after World War II from the Western nations and from those that formed the former Eastern bloc, and sometimes more specifically from the United States and from the former Soviet Union (the first and second worlds, respectively). For the most part the term has not included China. Politically, the Third World emerged at the Bandung ConferenceBandung Conference,
meeting of representatives of 29 African and Asian nations, held at Bandung, Indonesia, in 1955. The aim—to promote economic and cultural cooperation and to oppose colonialism—was more or less achieved in an atmosphere of cordiality.
..... Click the link for more information.
 (1955), which resulted in the establishment of the Nonaligned MovementNonaligned Movement,
organized movement of nations that attempted to form a third world force through a policy of nonalignment with the United States and Soviet Union. Yugoslavia, India, Indonesia, Egypt, and Ghana were instrumental in founding (1961) the movement, which grew
..... Click the link for more information.
. Numerically, the Third World dominates the United Nations, but the group is diverse culturally and increasingly economically, and its unity is only hypothetical. The oil-rich nations, such as Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, and Libya, and the newly emerged industrial states, such as Taiwan, South Korea, and Singapore, have little in common with desperately poor nations, such as Haiti, Chad, and Afghanistan.

Bibliography

See A. R. Kasdan, The Third World: A New Focus for Development (1973); E. Hermassi, The Third World Reassessed (1980); H. A. Reitsma and J. M. Kleinpenning, The Third World in Perspective (1985); J. Cole, Development and Underdevelopment (1987).

Third World

countries mainly found in Asia, Africa and Latin America and the Caribbean, many having been colonies until the mid-20th-century, and today manifesting lower levels of INDUSTRIALIZATION and general living standards than the advanced industrial countries.

The term was first used in the early 1950s and taken up by Third World political leaders engaged in independence movements against European COLONIALISM. It signified the positive idea that politically and economically their countries would develop in ways different both from the first world, Western Europe and the US, and the second world of the USSR and the Soviet Bloc. Subsequently, the term has become associated with negative aspects of poor living standards, great social inequality, economic stagnation and political instability such that many people living in these countries now resent the use of the term. Alternatives preferred by some authors include underdeveloped, NEOCOLONIAL, less developed countries (LDCs), oppressed nations, peripheral or nonaligned countries. The recent emergence of NEWLY INDUSTRIALIZING COUNTRIES alongside countries that are stagnating or becoming poorer (sometimes referred to as the FOURTH WORLD), and the further division between socialist and non-socialist countries have highlighted the issue of whether such a blanket term is useful for referring to such a diverse range of countries. However, the term still has wide social scientific and general usage. Various attempts have been made to distinguish the Third World both qualitatively and quantitatively (see Thomas et al., 1994), and Worsley (1984) has defended its utility. See also SOCIOLOGY OF DEVELOPMENT, DEPENDENCY, UNDERDEVELOPMENT, CENTRE AND PERIPHERY.

Third World

 

a term used in sociopolitical and scholarly literature to designate the developing countries.

Third World

the less economically advanced countries of Africa, Asia, and Latin America collectively, esp when viewed as underdeveloped and as neutral in the East-West alignment. Also called: developing world
References in periodicals archive ?
The appeal was made during the opening of the 3rd World Congress of Muslim Philanthropists (WCMP) at the Ritz Carlton on Sunday.
The Minister was here to participate in the discussions at the energy ministersEoee1/4eao round table discussion during the plenary session of the 3rd World Future Energy Summit at Abu Dhabi, UAE.
In 1929 he attended the 3rd World Scout Jamboree at Arrowe Park, Birkenhead where he was present at the making of the first scout promise.
She said that the 3rd World Conference on Sexual Exploitation of Children in Rio de Janeiro next month will be as a big opportunity to make real and genuine committments.
The company, which was present at the 3rd World Investment Conference in La Baule, France, was recognised at a special awards ceremony at the Airbus Factory in St Nazaire, where other winners included GE, Sanden, Siemens and DHL.
And so did at least 350 other industry members, in order to attend the SCAE (Speciality Coffee Association of Europe) 3rd World Specialty Conference & Exhibition, held in conjunction with the Italian Food and Beverage Exhibition.
These and a myriad of other water-related issues were raised at the 3rd World Water Forum, held 16-23 March 2003 in Kyoto, Japan, and attended by 24,000 scientists, activists, and government representatives--who, some say, arrived with radically varying goals in mind.
Chirac was also quoted as telling Koizumi he was looking forward to seeing the Japanese premier in Japan next March, when the French president will attend the 3rd World Water Forum to be held in western Japan.
The 3rd World Conference of TPOs (Marrakech, 2000) emphasized the need for TPOs to form regional and international networks to share experiences and find common solutions to help their countries move forward.
Two landmark reports launched by the ITU at its 3rd World Telecommunication Development Conference in Istanbul, Turkey -- `World Telecommunication Development Report 2002: Reinventing Telecoms and Trends in Telecommunication Reform 2002: Effective Regulation pinpoint the key issues for telecommunication planners and best practice for regulators in the new telecommunication environment.
The framework for these negotiations is to be decided at the 3rd World Trade Organization (WTO) Ministerial Conference in Seattle in December.
This volume is largely derived from part of the conference proceedings of the 3rd World Archaeological Congress, held in New Delhi in 1994.