CD-ROM

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CD-ROM:

see compact disccompact disc
(CD), a small plastic disc used for the storage of digital data. As originally developed for audio systems, the sound signal is sampled at a rate of 44,100 times a second, then each sample is measured and digitally encoded on the 4 3-4 in (12 cm) disc as a series of
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.

CD-ROM

[¦sē¦dē ′räm]
(computer science)

CD-ROM

compact disc read-only memory; a compact disc used with a computer system as a read-only optical disk

CD-ROM

CD-ROM

(Compact Disc-Read Only Memory) A type of CD disc that can only be read, but not recorded. Used to store programs and data files, a CD-ROM holds 650MB or 700MB of data and employs a different recording format than the audio CD (CD-DA), from which it evolved. In the 1990s, the CD-ROM rapidly replaced the floppy disk for software distribution.

An audio CD player cannot read CD-ROMs, but CD-ROM drives can play audio discs. In practice, the term "CD" refers to all CD formats. The phrase "insert the installation CD" really means "insert the installation CD-ROM."

How CD-ROMs Are Made
CD-ROMs are made by "burning" a blank CD-R disc and sending it to a media manufacturer, which creates a master disc that is used to stamp out the required quantity. See CD-R and mini CD.

Pretty Slow in the Beginning
Back in the late 1980s, the first CD-ROM drives transferred data at 150KB per second. By doubling the spindle speed from 530 to 1,060 RPM, the transfer rate doubled to 300KB (2x). For several years thereafter, speeds increased until reaching 48x and higher, making the "1x" drive painfully slow by comparison. For details about speeds, see CD-ROM drives. Access times range from 80 to 150ms. See CD-R, CD-RW, DVD and optical disc.

Caddy Load and Tray Load
Earlier drives used a caddy. The disc must be inserted into the caddy, and the caddy inserted into the drive. Today, drives are caddyless. The disc is placed into a tray.


Caddy Load and Tray Load
Earlier drives used a caddy. The disc must be inserted into the caddy, and the caddy inserted into the drive. Today, drives are caddyless. The disc is placed into a tray.


Reading CDs and CD-ROMs
Digital data are carved into the disc as pits (low spots) and lands (high spots). As the laser shines into the moving pits and lands, a sensor detects a change in reflection when it encounters a transition from pit to land or land to pit. Each transition is a 1. The lack of transitions are 0s. There is only one laser in a drive. Two are used here to illustrate the difference in reflection.


References in periodicals archive ?
1) This budget configuration includes an AMD Athlon XP 2000+ processor; 256-megabyte DDR memory; a 40-gigabyte hard drive; and a 48x CD-ROM drive.
Oak's OTI-9796 controller, used in Yamaha's Spyder compact-style CRW-70 recorder is capable of 20X CD-R and 20X CD-RW write speeds as well as 48X CD-ROM read speeds, and also employs Oak's ExacLink buffer under-run protection and Constant Angular Velocity technology.
Optical drive options: 48X CD-ROM, 16X DVD, 48x/24x/48x CD-RW,
hard drive, 56K built-in fax/modem and 48x CD-ROM drive (Price: $399
66-GHz processor, 40-gigabyte 7,200-rpm hard drive, 256-megabyte DDR SDRAM, 48x CD-ROM drive, standard gigabit Ethernet NIC, six USB 2.
The OTI-9797S controller is capable of 32X write speeds as well as 48X CD-ROM read speeds, and is pin-compatible with Oak's 24X OTI-9797 controller to provide an easy upgrade path for OEMs.
Starting at $1277, the Presario 7000Z basic configuration includes 20GB 7200 RPM hard drive, 128MB DDR memory, 48X CD-ROM drive and a CV735 17" monitor.