4D printing


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4D printing

Using a 3D printer to create objects that change their shape when removed from the printer. Invented at MIT in 2013, the purpose is to make things self-assemble when exposed to air, water or heat due to the chemical interaction of the materials used in their manufacture. A more dramatic goal is have the objects oscillate in some fashion on their own. The 4th dimension moniker refers to the self-transformation. See 3D printing.
References in periodicals archive ?
Heidelberg has also succeeded in winning over a German start-up company from the food industry for its latest development in the field of 4D printing.
All of these may be possible with 4D printing, the convergence of smart materials and 3D printing technology, which promises to change not only how things get made but what they can do.
New 4D printing refers to self-assembling 3D printed objects and was somewhat jokingly coined by Skylar Tibbets from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).
Now think about life in 2025 after a similar or even faster rate of scientific advance in IT, nanotechnology, artificial intelligence, robotics, 4D printing, neuroscience and genetics.
With the advancements in 4D printing, you have a capability in which after you print something, you are afforded the ability to change the form and function of the item.
Even when 3D printing technology is yet to gain traction in some regions; researches are already into a new technology called 4D printing.
The 4D printing concept, which allows materials to "self-assemble" into 3D structures, was initially proposed by Massachusetts Institute of Technology faculty member Skylar Tibbits in April of this year.
4D printing is possible on conventional inkjet printers due to a combination of improved lenticular printing technology and cloud software.
An increased outpouring of data from new customer apps and services involving virtualized networks, virtual or augmented reality, 3D and 4D printing, and 5G networks, will be commonplace over the next years.
The global 4D printing market is expected to be commercialized in 2019, and to grow at a CAGR of 42.
1, 2015 /PRNewswire/ -- 4D printing is a technique that uses a 3D printer to create objects that change their shape when removed from the printer.
The event will also cover the current state of advanced manufacturing, the development of new AM materials, the latest in 3D and 4D printing, as well as implications for the DoD when procuring AM solutions.