ADP

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Related to ADP-ribosylation: ADP-ribosylation factor 1, ADP-ribosylation factor 3

ADP

Biochem adenosine diphosphate; a nucleotide derived from ATP with the liberation of energy that is then used in the performance of muscular work

ADP

(biochemistry)

ADP

(1) (Automatic Data Processing) Synonymous with data processing (DP), electronic data processing (EDP) and information processing.

(2) (Automatic Data Processing, Inc., Roseland, NJ, www.adp.com) An international computer services company that specializes in payroll processing. From a modest start in 1949 by founding brothers Henry and Joe Taub, ADP evolved from payroll assistance to modern day outsourcing of record keeping, benefit administration, retirement account services, human resources, and screening and selection services. The company's first salesman, credited with a huge role in the success of the business, was Frank Lautenberg, who rose through the ranks to be its president and left decades later to enter politics as a prominent senator from New Jersey.
References in periodicals archive ?
Analysis of ADP-ribosylation by DT and PE has previously used radioactively labeled [NAD.
All techniques known to date rely on 3 basic principles: (a) the immunologic detection of DT such as the common Elek test (29) and a number of derivatives such as immunoblots, ELISAs [beta]0, 31), immunochromatographic strip assays [beta]2), assays based on fluorescence nanocrystal quantum-dots [beta]3), hydrogel-based protein microchips [beta]4), and antibody-based microarrays [beta]5); (b) the molecular biological detection of the tox-gene by PCR assays [beta]6); and (c) the detection of the enzymatic activity of DT by infecting guinea pigs (4, 31), in vitro translation assays, and ADP-ribosylation assays (22).
In vitro translation assays are too indirect for sufficient reliability, and Western blot-based ADP-ribosylation assays do not allow quantification of DT activity.
Diphtheria toxin: site and configuration of ADP-ribosylation of diphthamide in elongation factor 2.
ADP-ribosylation of elongation factor 2 by diphtheria toxin: NMR spectra and proposed structures of ribosyl-diphthamide and its hydrolysis products.
Endogenous ADP-ribosylation for eukaryotic elongation factor 2: evidence of two different sites and reactions.

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