Albi

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Albi

(älbē`), town (1990 pop. 48,707), capital of Tarn dept., S France, in Languedoc, on the Tarn River. A commercial center, its has glassworks and food-processing, textile-manufacturing, and tourist industries. An old Roman city (Albiga), it became an episcopal see in the 5th cent. It was the center of the heresy to which it gave its name (see AlbigensesAlbigenses
[Lat.,=people of Albi, one of their centers], religious sect of S France in the Middle Ages. Beliefs and Practices

Officially known as heretics, they were actually Cathari, Provençal adherents of a doctrine similar to the Manichaean dualistic
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). The old part of the city, known as the ville rouge because of its red-brick buildings, is a marvel of medieval architecture. The huge Gothic Cathedral of Sainte-Cécile, begun in 1282, resembles a fortress rather than a church. Other structures include the episcopal palace (13th–15th cent.) and an 11th-century bridge. The birthplace of Toulouse-LautrecToulouse-Lautrec, Henri de
, 1864–1901, French painter and lithographer, b. Albi. Son of a wealthy nobleman, Lautrec fell and broke both legs when he was a child. His permanently stunted growth has traditionally been seen as the result of this accident, but more recently
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, Albi has an art museum containing much of his work.

Albi

a town in S France: connected with the Albigensian heresy and the crusade against it. Pop.: 46 274 (1999)