ANI


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ani

(ä`nē), bird: see cuckoocuckoo,
common name for members of the extensive avian family Cuculidae, including the ani and the roadrunner (Geococcyx californianus), widely distributed in temperate and tropical regions.
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Ani

 

a castle and fort of medieval Armenia, on the right bank of the Akhurian (Arpachai) River; in Kars Vilayet in Turkey. In the fifth to eighth centuries it was the possession of the Kamsarakan princes and later of the Bagratids, under whom Ani became the capital of the Ani kingdom (from 961). In the tenth to 13th centuries, Ani was the largest economic, political, and cultural center of Armenia. It was seized in 1045 by Byzantium and in 1064 by the Seljuks, who laid waste to it. In 1199, together with a part of northern Armenia, Ani became part of the Georgian kingdom. Around the turn of the 13th century it underwent a renewed flowering. In 1236 it was taken by the Mongols and destroyed; from the 14th century it lost its significance. In the 16th century Ani is mentioned as a village. In 1878 it was annexed to Russia, and after World War I it passed to Turkey.

Ruins of Ani, which was one of the most important centers of Armenian architecture of the tenth to 14th centuries, have been preserved. The ruins of a palace, hotels, cathedrals, and other constructions and of city blocks were discovered during excavations in 1892–93 and 1904–16. Among the valuable monuments were remains of thick fort walls with towers (989), which had been repeatedly built up and fortified during the 11th to 13th centuries; a magnificent cathedral (989–1001; with a cupola-type, three-aisled basilica) and the circular, tiered Church of Gregory (Gagikashen; 1001–10), built by the architect Trdat; the exquisite multiapse concentric Church of Abugamrents (the Church of Gregory; second half of the tenth century), the Church of the Savior (1036), and the Church of the Shepherdess (11th century [?]); the Cathedral of Ripsime of the Devichii Monastery (13th century); the Church of Tigran Onents (1215) of the type of a cupola hall with carved ornamentation and frescoes; the gavit (church entrance) of the Church of the Apostles (13th century), with a flat stone mosaic ceiling; and the palace of the paron (12th-13th centuries). A unique round statue of King Gagik I, holding a model of the church (the model was not preserved), was found in the Gagikashen Church.

REFERENCES

Marr, N. Ia. Ani: Knizhnaia istoriia goroda i raskopki na meste gorodishcha. Leningrad-Moscow, 1934.
Arutiunian, V. Gorod Ani. Yerevan, 1964.

ANI

ANI

(1) See animated cursor.

(2) (Automatic Number Identification) A telephone service that transmits the billing number (BN) and the telephone number of the incoming call. ANI identifies the calling party for toll call billing and enables the call to be routed to the appropriate long distance service provider. ISDN supports ANI by carrying the calling telephone number in the D channel. ACD systems use the billing number to query a database and retrieve the customer's records. See Caller ID, ACD and CNAM.
References in periodicals archive ?
As a collaborating partner with ANCC, all members of ANI will receive a special rate on the certification exam; a discount rate will also apply to certification renewal.
A standardized abdominal exam was performed on all patients that included a single-digit intravaginal palpation of the levator ani and piriformis muscles, and either a Kegel contraction to identify the levators or an external hip rotation to identify the piriformis.
According to Ani Barseghian, none of the four was wearing a seat belt - and Garagousian was driving a little fast - but she's certain no more than 55 mph.
And there's an art contest," Ani went on unhappily.
Because telephone companies do not offer services to counteract ANI, law enforcement agencies must rely on alternate methods to safeguard security.
If we must have ANI, opponents say, give people the option of blocking their phone number from being delivered.
ANI delivers world-class service to competitive local exchange carriers (CLECs), resellers and carrier customers, leveraging a proven, scalable network and an outstanding sales and support team.
Alex and Ani's rapid growth -- from a $20 million business in 2011 to a $350 million business this year -- has in no small part been based on our ongoing digital commitment, and Ryan has been an important part of that," said Harlan Kent, president of ALEX AND ANI.
Existing ANI shareholders will hold 53 percent of the new firm.
With great sadness Ani leaves on a long journey beyond the kingdom walls to meet the prince.
The institutes and universities presumably are not imparting crucial practical training to students and, as a result, students lack the basic skills of reporting news with clarity of thought and language," said Surinder Gosain, Director of ANI School of Media Studies in a statement.
O asemenea evolutie nu este benefica pentru democratie si pentru stabilitatea societatilor democratice, lucru confirmat in toata Europa prin prezenta la vot foarte scazuta in randul segmentului de varsta 18-24 ani.