ATP synthase


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ATP synthase

[¦ā¦tē¦pē ′sin‚thās]
(biochemistry)
An enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of phosphate and adenosine diphosphate into adenosine triphosphate during oxidative phosphorylation in mitochondria and bacteria or phosphorylation in chloroplasts.
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001 Table 6 Effect of Rutile and Antibiotics on ATP Synthase and Hydrogen Peroxide ATP synthase % change ATP synthase % change (Increase with Rutile) (Decrease with antibiotics) Group Mean [+ or -] SD Mean [+ or -] SD BHD 4.
Table 1 Effect of Rutile and Antibiotics on Muramic Acid and Cytochrome F420 ATP synthase % ATP synthase % (Increase with Rutile) (Decrease with Doxy) Group Mean [+ or -] SD Mean [+ or -] SD Normal 4.
The parameters checked as indicated above were:-cytochrome F420, free RNA, free DNA, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon, hydrogen peroxide, serotonin, pyruvate, ammonia, glutamate, cytochrome C, hexokinase, ATP synthase, HMG CoA redutase, digoxin and bile acids.
The selected genes for ACP ddRT-PCR analysis validation were insulin like growth factor 3, phosphatidyl ethanolamine binding protein, ATP synthase F0 and complement component CD.
State 3 is especially dependent on the electron transport chain, on the import of substrates into the mitochondrial matrix and on the activities of ATP synthase and adenine nucleotide translocase (Duan and Karmazym, 1989).
We selected the single-copy nuclear ATP synthase [beta]gene (ATPsyn[beta]) to determine the real ratio of mtDNA to nDNA copy number.
The researchers worked specifically with a spinning fragment of ATP synthase called [F.
The following estimations were carried out:-- Cytochrome F420, free RNA, free DNA, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon, hydrogen peroxide, pyruvate, ammonia, glutamate, hexokinase, ATP synthase, HMG CoA reductase, digoxin and bile acids [10,11,12,13].
These genes included succinate dehydrogenase (SDHC), cytochrome c oxidase (COX5B/ COX6B), and various genes of the ATP synthase complex (ATP5G1, ATP5C1, ATP5J, ATP5B, ATP5A1, ATP50, and ATP5F1).
Until now, the enzyme, called ATP synthase, had been found only in mitochondria, the energy-generating capsules that reside within cells.
The following estimations were carried out:Cytochrome F420, free RNA, free DNA, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon, hydrogen peroxide, pyruvate, glutamate, hexokinase, ATP synthase, HMG CoA reductase, digoxin and bile acids [10,11,12,13].