Aaron Copland


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Copland, Aaron

(kōp`lənd), 1900–1990, American composer, b. Brooklyn, N.Y. Copland was a pupil of Rubin Goldmark and of Nadia BoulangerBoulanger, Nadia
, 1887–1979, French conductor and musician, b. Paris. Boulanger was considered an outstanding teacher of composition. She studied at the Paris Conservatory, where in 1945 she became professor.
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, who introduced his work to the United States when she conducted his Symphony for Organ and Orchestra in 1925. Although his earliest works show European influences, the American character of the greater part of his compositions is evident in his use of jazz and of American folk tunes, as in the short piece for chamber orchestra, John Henry (1940). Copland's major orchestral works are El Salon Mexico (1936) and the Third Symphony (1946); his many ballets include the well known Billy the Kid (1938), Rodeo (1942), and Appalachian Spring (1944). He wrote the song cycle 12 Poems of Emily Dickinson, a quartet for piano and strings (both 1950), and Canticle of Freedom for chorus and orchestra (1955), and composed music for the films Of Mice and Men (1939), Our Town (1940), The Red Pony (1948), and The Heiress (1949). Copland also composed in the modernist idiom, as in his 12-tone orchestral piece Connotations (1962) and his serial tone poem Inscape (1967). With Roger SessionsSessions, Roger,
1896–1985, American composer and teacher, b. Brooklyn, N.Y. Sessions was a pupil of Horatio Parker at Yale and of Ernest Bloch. He taught (1917–21) at Smith, leaving to teach at the Cleveland Institute of Music as Bloch's assistant.
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 he founded the Copland-Sessions Concerts (1928–31) and in 1932 organized the American Festivals of Contemporary Music at Yaddo, Saratoga Springs, N.Y. He lectured extensively and received many awards, and his writings include What to Listen for in Music (1939, rev. ed. 1957), Copland on Music (1960), and The New Music: 1900–1960 (1968).

Bibliography

See biographies by A. Berger (1953, repr. 1987) and H. Pollack (1999); study by N. Butterworth (1986).

Copland, Aaron

 

Born Nov. 14, 1900, in Brooklyn, N.Y. American composer.

Copland studied with R. Goldmark in New York from 1917 to 1921 and with N. Boulanger in Paris from 1921 to 1924. Extremely active in the musical life of the country, he organized the Copland-Sessions Concerts, a series of concerts presented from 1928 to 1931, and headed the League of Composers and the American Composers’ Alliance. Copland gave lectures at many American universities. He has performed as a pianist and conductor in European and Latin American countries.

In his major works, Copland strives to reproduce the national features of American life; he also uses Latin American themes. His early works were close to the neoclassical school of I. F. Stravinsky. Copland subsequently turned to jazz rhythms and then to the 12-note system. His compositions include the opera The Tender Land (1954), the ballets Rodeo (1942) and Appalachian Spring (1944), three symphonies (1928, 1933, 1946), concerti, instrumental ensembles, choruses, and music for theater, film, and radio. Copland is the author of literary works on music, including contemporary music (excerpts from the book Music and Imagination were published in Russian in Sovetskaia muzyka, 1968, nos. 3–4).

D. G. ROMADINOVA

Copland, Aaron

(1900–90) composer; born in New York City. In his teens he studied in New York with Rubin Goldmark; in France during 1921–24, he worked with the later-famous pedagogue Nadia Boulanger. Returning to New York, he began the wide-ranging activities that would characterize his career: composing painstakingly, performing as a pianist, promoting new music, and teaching. His first successes came from the performances of such important conductors as Walter Damrosch, who premiered the Symphony for Organ and Orchestra in 1925, and Serge Koussevitsky, who became a leading champion of the composer. Meanwhile, he helped create and performed in forums for new works including the Yaddo Festival (which began in 1932). He also helped found organizations including the American Composers Alliance and Cos Cob Press, taught at schools including Tanglewood (1940–65), and wrote a series of books beginning with the 1939 What to Listen for in Music. After his early jazz-inspired works such as Music for the Theater (1925), and a few severe, avant-garde pieces such as the Piano Variations (1930), his most famous works began with the El Salón México of 1936; this and later pieces, among them the much-loved Appalachian Spring of 1944, are marked by a warm and rhythmically lively style based on a sophisticated adaptation of American folk material. He largely retired from composing in the 1970s.
References in periodicals archive ?
The twentieth-century Shakers at Sabbathday Lake indicated to me they especially liked two vocal arrangements of "Simple Gifts" by Aaron Copland and by singer-songwriter Judy Collins.
This essay originated as a program note for performances of "A Memorial Tribute: Leonard Bernstein & Aaron Copland," given by the Opera Workshop of Salisbury University, Salisbury, MD, 24-26 April 2015.
With library acquisitions in all subject areas suffering from repeated budget cuts, this endowment will significantly improve annual acquisitions, allowing us to build the collection and better support the Aaron Copland School of Music curricula.
It isn't an obvious connecting of the dots from the Aaron Copland who was born into the immigrant Jewish community of Brooklyn, New York, in 1900, to the Aaron Copland who wrote Appalachian Spring in 1943-44.
4) In Paul Anderson's article, "'To Become as Human as Possible': The Influence of Andre Gide on Aaron Copland," which was published in the same year as Hubbs's book and which she could not have known, he writes about some overlapping issues.
The sound is first class and there is much to enjoy including The Firebird, Apollo, The Ebony Concerto with Benny Goodman, and Les Noces with both Samuel Barber and Aaron Copland among the pianists.
On Saturday, Rodrigo's Adagio for Wind Instruments was a highly unusual concert opener and it was followed by the clarinet concerto that Aaron Copland wrote for Benny Goodman, in which the soloist was the very young and very gifted Christopher Turner, who made an excellent case for the work, especially its plangent opening and virtuoso cadenza.
The Bureau of Indications has learned that restaurants in neighboring Gary, Indiana, hoping to draw the soon-to-be sans pate Chicago gourmands, are developing a new ad campaign to lure them across state borders: "Geese: It's What's for Dinner" (with honked version of the Aaron Copland tune).
In He Got Game, Gabbard argues, Lee has turned the blacks-serving-for-whites conventions upside down, allowing the music of white composer Aaron Copland ("Mr.
It features the music of Samuel Barber, Aaron Copland and George Gershwin.
WASA's past notable projects include: New York County Courthouse restoration/renovation; Manhattan Municipal Building restoration/renovation; Aaron Copland School of Music at Queens College; Fordham University School of Law, Bronx, NY; Jerome S.
Both NBC and ABC, as well as major newspapers and wire services, emphasized that the closed-door "executive sessions" conducted by McCarthy took testimony from prominent private citizens such as composer Aaron Copland and novelist Dashiell Hammett.