Abu Dhabi

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Abu Dhabi

(ä`bo͞o thä`bē, zä–, dä–), Arab. Abu Zabi, sheikhdom (1995 pop. 928,360), c.26,000 sq mi (67,300 sq km), part of the federation of seven United Arab EmiratesUnited Arab Emirates,
federation of sheikhdoms (2005 est. pop. 2,563,000), c.30,000 sq mi (77,700 sq km), SE Arabia, on the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman. The federation, commonly known as the UAE, consists of seven sheikhdoms: Abu Dhabi (territorially the largest of the
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, SE Arabia, on the Persian Gulf. The sheikhdom is the largest in the federation; in it is located the city of Abu Dhabi (1995 pop. 398,695), the capital and the second largest city of the United Arab Emirates. Founded c.1760, it is on an island on the coast of the sheikhdom and the neighboring mainland and is now a largely modern capital with many skyscrapers. Among its landmarks and attractions are the Sheikh Zayed Grand Mosque, the Sheikh Zayed Bridge, and Ferrari World Abu Dhabi. The city became the capital of the United Arab Emirates when it was formed in 1971.

The history of Abu Dhabi was marked by violence within the ruling dynasty, and Abu Dhabi frequently clashed with the neighboring sheikhdom of SharjahSharjah
, sheikhdom (1995 pop. 400,339), c.1,000 sq mi (2,590 sq km), part of the federation of seven United Arab Emirates, SE Arabia, on the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman. The modernized town of Sharjah (1995 pop.
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. In 1892 the sheikhdom became a British protectorate. There was a long period of tranquillity during the rule (1928–66) of Sheikh Shakhbut ibn Sultan, broken only by a war between Abu Dhabi and DubaiDubai
, sheikhdom (2010 est. pop. 1,800,000), c.1,500 sq mi (3,890 sq km), part of the federation of seven United Arab Emirates, SE Arabia, on the Persian Gulf. Nearly all of the sheikhdom's settled population is concentrated in the city of Dubai (2006 pop.
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 from 1945 to 1948. The pearling industry that once thrived in Abu Dhabi declined after oil was discovered there in the early 1960s. The abundant oil revenues have been used for development and modernization, and have enabled Abu Dhabi to play a generally dominant role in the federation. The current ruler is Sheikh Khalifa ibn Zaid Al Nahayan, who succeeded his father when the latter died in 2004.

Abu Dhabi

 

Abu-Zabi, town in Trucial Oman, administrative center of the sheikhdom of Abu Dhabi and now the capital of the United Arab Emirates. Situated on a coastal island in a bay on the Persian Gulf. Population, 6,000 to 7,000 (1961). Abu Dhabi is a commercial and transportation post and a center for oil extraction, pearl fishing, and commercial fishing.

Abu Dhabi

Persian Gulf sheikdom overflowing with petrodollars. [Mid-East Hist.: NCE, 9]
See: Wealth

Abu Dhabi

a sheikhdom (emirate) of SE Arabia, on the S coast of the Persian Gulf: the chief sheikhdom and capital of the United Arab Emirates, consisting principally of the port of Abu Dhabi and a desert hinterland; contains major oilfields. Pop.: 476 000 (2005 est.). Area: 67 350 sq. km (25 998 sq. miles)