Abadan


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Abadan

(ăbədăn`, äbädän`), city (1991 pop. 84,774), Khuzestan prov., SW Iran, on Abadan Island, in the delta of the Shatt al Arab, at the head of the Persian Gulf. It is the terminus of major oil pipelines and is an important oil refining and shipping center. Abadan Island was ceded to Iran by Turkey in 1847. Abadan city was an unimportant village until the discovery (1908) of nearby oil fields. Its oil refinery (commissioned 1913) was the largest in the world by the 1970s. The refinery, together with the rest of the city, was destroyed during the Iran-Iraq WarIran-Iraq War,
1980–88, protracted military conflict between Iran and Iraq. It officially began on Sept. 22, 1980, with an Iraqi land and air invasion of western Iran, although Iraqi spokespersons maintained that Iran had been engaging in artillery attacks on Iraqi towns
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 in the 1980s. After the war's end in 1988, Abadan resumed oil production, but on a smaller scale.

Abadan

 

a city in southwestern Iran, in Khuzistan, the sixth ostan, or province. Abadan is situated on the Shatt al Arab River, 50 km from the Persian Gulf. Its population was 270,700 in 1966. It is a deep-sea port. Its important oil refinery, with an annual capacity of approximately 30 million tons, is controlled by an association of international oil companies based in the USA, Great Britain, the Netherlands, and France. Pipelines connect the refinery to the oil fields. Both crude oil and oil products are exported. Abadan is the starting point of the pipeline to the cities of Tehran and Isfahan.

References in periodicals archive ?
In the lower-case assessment the report considers only the completion of the upgrades in the Arak and Abadan refineries by 2015, resulting in a decline in Iran's imports by about 30 percent, but leaving a continued gasoline import requirement of about 80,000-90,000 barrels a day.
Phase 1 of Abadan refinery will go online by March, and it will produce six to seven million liters of gasoline per day.
In her childhood, everything was just so and Abadan ran itself with colonial British efficiency.
Abadan, an Iranian oil export base, is located close to the Iraqi border on the northern tip of the Persian Gulf.
In late 2013, however, Sinopec and a South Korean firm in late 2013 won a contact to revamp the Abadan refinery in a project to cost $2.
He said, With the implementation of this project, the quality of products of Abadan refinery, which is the oldest refinery in the country, will be upgraded to Euro-5 grade.
But Abadan refinery manager Moslem Rahimi denied that story.
On Sunday, Iran's semi-official Fars News Agency said two Kuwaiti citizens were detained in Abadan for suspected espionage activities and on possession of "spying equipment", quoting Bahram Ilkhaszadeh, the governor of Abadan, a town close to Kuwait.
14 (BNA) - Kuwaiti foreign ministry source underlined that the two Kuwaiti citizens, who were arrested in Abadan in Iran and accused of espionage, were working for a private TV channel and were assigned to film a social program.
A US drone had on Thursday targeted Awlaqi s car at Abadan in Shabwa province, where Al-Qaeda is well entrenched, the source from Awlaqi s tribe said.
MPA Rubina Irfan requested the Speaker to give rolling on abduction of Businesswoman Nilofar Abadan from a bazaar of Quetta in daylight.
Other guests include Mustafa Abadan, AIA, design partner at the corporate design firm Skidmore, Owings & Merrill, which designed the Time Warner Center, 7 World Trade Center, and the Freedom Tower.