Abadan

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Abadan

(ăbədăn`, äbädän`), city (1991 pop. 84,774), Khuzestan prov., SW Iran, on Abadan Island, in the delta of the Shatt al Arab, at the head of the Persian Gulf. It is the terminus of major oil pipelines and is an important oil refining and shipping center. Abadan Island was ceded to Iran by Turkey in 1847. Abadan city was an unimportant village until the discovery (1908) of nearby oil fields. Its oil refinery (commissioned 1913) was the largest in the world by the 1970s. The refinery, together with the rest of the city, was destroyed during the Iran-Iraq WarIran-Iraq War,
1980–88, protracted military conflict between Iran and Iraq. It officially began on Sept. 22, 1980, with an Iraqi land and air invasion of western Iran, although Iraqi spokespersons maintained that Iran had been engaging in artillery attacks on Iraqi towns
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 in the 1980s. After the war's end in 1988, Abadan resumed oil production, but on a smaller scale.

Abadan

 

a city in southwestern Iran, in Khuzistan, the sixth ostan, or province. Abadan is situated on the Shatt al Arab River, 50 km from the Persian Gulf. Its population was 270,700 in 1966. It is a deep-sea port. Its important oil refinery, with an annual capacity of approximately 30 million tons, is controlled by an association of international oil companies based in the USA, Great Britain, the Netherlands, and France. Pipelines connect the refinery to the oil fields. Both crude oil and oil products are exported. Abadan is the starting point of the pipeline to the cities of Tehran and Isfahan.