Abbas II

Abbas II

(Abbas Hilmi) (äbäs` hĭl`mĭ, ăbäs`, ăb`əs), 1874–1944, last khedive of Egypt (1892–1914); son and successor of Tewfik PashaTewfik Pasha
(Muhammad Tewfik) , 1852–92, khedive of Egypt (1879–92). He acceded to office when his father, Ismail Pasha, was deposed. In 1880, Tewfik accepted joint French-British control over the nation's finances.
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. Nominally he ruled in subordination to the Ottoman Empire, but in fact Egypt was controlled by the British resident—at first Lord CromerCromer, Evelyn Baring, 1st earl of
, 1841–1917, British administrator in Egypt. Appointed (1877) first British commissioner of the Egyptian public debt office, he directed investigations by France and England into
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, and later Lord KitchenerKitchener, Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl
, 1850–1916, British field marshal and statesman. Trained at the Royal Military Academy, Woolwich (1868–70), he had a brief period of service in the French army
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. Although he resisted complete British rule, Abbas met with little success; in 1899 he was forced to admit the British claim to rule jointly with Egypt over Sudan. When Turkey joined the Central Powers in World War I, Britain declared Egypt a British protectorate and deposed Abbas. He lived thereafter in Switzerland, where he died. He wrote The Anglo-Egyptian Settlement (1930).
References in periodicals archive ?
The current museum building was inaugurated in the reign of Khedive Abbas II in 1903.
While persecution of Jews had existed in pre-Islamic Iran, the worst of it began with the Safavids' adoption of Shia Islam as the state religion at the beginning of the 17th century, leading to measures including a brutal decree of forced conversion in 16561662 under Shah Abbas II.
Iran's (formerly Persia) openness to the outside world, especially during the reign of Shah Abbas II (1642-1666), paved the way for European works of art to influence artists such as Zaman in the way they used perspective and blended shading and overall interest in Western themes.
This is part of the cover presented by Abbas II Hilmi Bey, Khedive of Egypt in 1331 Hijri.
Shah Abbas II was also responsible for additions to this palace, such as the hall of mirrors, the hall of 18 pillars and two large chambers facing the north and south.
At the eastern end of Alexandria's corniche, the Sheraton Montazah sits between the sea and the green gardens surrounding the royal palace built during the reign of Khedive Abbas II.
Jolfa New Locality, was built at the time of King Abbas II.
It was there that the royal marriages of Abbas II Hilmi, Sultan Fouad and King Faroukh's marriage to Queen Farida took place.
Le Musee d'Arts islamiques du Caire qui fut inaugure par le Khedive Abbas II Helmi et vient d'etre restaure presente ses admirables collections.
The Khaju Bridge was built around 1650 during the reign of the Safavid Shah Abbas II.
Shah Abbas II of Iran gave it to Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich.
More his grandfather's son than his father's, Abbas II halted the decline of the Safavid dynasty; a vigorous and skilled commander.