Henri Grégoire

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Grégoire, Henri

 

Born Dec. 4, 1750, in Vého, near Lunéville; died May 28, 1831, in Paris. Participant in the Great French Revolution.

The son of a poor peasant, Grégoire was a priest who gained popularity as an opponent of Negro slavery. In 1789 he was elected to the Estates General, in which he supported the proposal that the lower clergy join the deputies of the third estate. He was the first to swear allegiance to the new so-called civil clergy, which came into existence in 1790. Elected a deputy to the Convention in 1792, at its first meeting Grégoire called for abolition of the monarchy. In 1793 he proposed a draft for a declaration on questions of international law, based on the principle of the recognition of the sovereignty of every people. Grégoire reacted favorably to the coup d’etat of 18th Brumaire. During the restoration of the Bourbons (1814 and 1815–30) he was attacked by the reactionary monarchist clergy. Grégoire was well known in Russia, and from 1814 to 1821 he was an honorary member of the University of Kazan.

WORKS

Essai historique sur les libertés de l’Eglise gallicane.... Paris, 1818.
Histoire des sectes religieuses . . ., vols. 1–6. Paris, 1828–45.
Mémoires . . ., vols. 1–2. Paris, 1837.
References in periodicals archive ?
Main features: Place of delivery: - Library Abbe Gregoire, 4, 6 Place Jean Jaures 41000 Blois- Library Genevoix Maurice, rue Vasco de Gama - 41000 Blois
The first reprinting in over two centuries, it is faithful to the original, including the entire account, the engravings, and Rainsford's extensive appendix, which contains everything from an Abbe Gregoire letter and a transcript of Oge's testimony to the Haitian Declaration of Independence and the program from the coronation of Jean-Jacques Dessalines.
The Abbe Gregoire and Philosemitism in Revolutionary France" consider important figures whose understanding of Jews and Judaism grew out of early modern thought.
Adrian Lamourette (1742-1794) was a teacher of the Abbe Gregoire, a friend of Mirabeau, and ultimately a victim of the Terror.
In 1794, the Abbe Gregoire issued his report on "The Necessity and Means of Exterminating Patois and Universalizing the Use of the French Language.
The Abbe Gregoire and the French Revolution: The Making of Modern Universalism.
A key figure of the French Revolution, the Abbe Gregoire became a leading advocate for the emancipation of Jews, Blacks and other oppressed minorities in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries.
As Anthony Vidler argued about one of its most insightful and influential cultural critics, the Abbe Gregoire, two of the neologisms coined during the Revolution make a symbiotic pair.
A true revolutionary believer in literte, egalite fraternite the Abbe Gregoire was perhaps the most influential voice in the abolitionist movement of the early eighteenth century.
A journalist in the Journal encyclopedique, analysing at some length Zalkind Hourwitz's Apologie des Juifs, concluded that it, together with the similar work by the famous abbe Gregoire with which it shared an academic prize, was worthy of the highest degree of attention from the National Assembly (1789, VII, 53-70).
A few details are questionable: Abbe Gregoire, bishop of Blois under the Civil Constitution of the Clergy, and a determined advocate of the emancipation of Jews, is characterized as a Jansenist (p.