Abd al-Majid


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Abd al-Majid

(äb'däl-mäjēd`) or

Abdülmecit

(Turk. äbdül` mäjēd`), 1823–61, Ottoman sultan (1839–61), son and successor of Mahmud IIMahmud II,
1784–1839, Ottoman sultan (1808–39), younger son of Abd al-Hamid I. He was raised to the throne of the Ottoman Empire (Turkey) upon the deposition of his brother, Mustafa IV, and continued the reforms of his cousin, Selim III.
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 to the throne of the Ottoman Empire. The rebellion of Muhammad AliMuhammad Ali,
1769?–1849, pasha of Egypt after 1805. He was a common soldier who rose to leadership by his military skill and political acumen. In 1799 he commanded a Turkish army in an unsuccessful attempt to drive Napoleon from Egypt.
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 was checked by the intervention (1840–41) of England, Russia, and Austria. Abd al-Majid was influenced by the British ambassador, Viscount Stratford de RedcliffeStratford de Redcliffe, Stratford Canning, Viscount,
1786–1880, British diplomat. He entered (1807) the foreign office under the aegis of his cousin, George Canning. Sent (1808) to Turkey, he negotiated the Treaty of Bucharest (1812) between Turkey and Russia.
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, who helped persuade the sultan to introduce Western reforms. Two decrees (1839 and 1856) led to many changes but did not have permanent effect. Confident in British and French support, Abd al-Majid resisted (1853) the Russian claim to act as protector of the Orthodox Christians in the Ottoman Empire. This was a primary cause of the Crimean WarCrimean War
, 1853–56, war between Russia on the one hand and the Ottoman Empire, Great Britain, France, and Sardinia on the other. The causes of the conflict were inherent in the unsolved Eastern Question.
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. Turkey received no concrete gains at the Congress of Paris (1856; see Paris, Congress ofParis, Congress of,
1856, conference held by representatives of France, Great Britain, the Ottoman Empire (Turkey), Sardinia, Russia, Austria, and Prussia to negotiate the peace after the Crimean War. In the Treaty of Paris (Mar.
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). The sultan was succeeded by his brother, Abd al-AzizAbd al-Aziz
or Abdülaziz
, 1830–76, Ottoman sultan (1861–76), brother and successor of Abd al-Majid. The economic and political reforms enacted under his rule could not outpace the decline of the Ottoman Empire (Turkey).
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.
References in periodicals archive ?
The terrorists Rakan Fawaz Salman, Mohamed Baghdadi, Fayssal Haj Ahmad al-Hadi, Ahmad Mohamed al-Omar al-Adam, Hamid Mahmoud al-Hammi, Omran Abad al-Rahman Moustafa al-Ahmad Najar, Ahmad Haj Ahmad al-Hadi al-Najar, Abd al-Majid Louay al-Najar and Mohamed Walid Shaaban Najar were acknowledged dead by terrorist organizations.
Ramadi / Nina / A source in the Command of the Desert and the Island Operations announced on Saturday the injury of Commander of the seventh Iraqi Army Division, Brigadier General Abd al-Majid al-Lahibi in the battles with the IS in Albu Hayat area western of Anbar province.
In a letter to his Iranian counterpart, Palestine Football Association (PFA) secretary general Abd Al-Majid Hujjah said his squad had just returned from a visit to China and was preparing for next month's Asian Cup in Australia and therefore was unable to travel to Iran.
Muhammad Abd Al-Majid Sunuqrut, 16, died as a martyr on Monday and his body was taken to the Abu Kabir Forensic Institute for an autopsy to be undertaken by a Palestinian doctor and a lawyer.
It was then rebuilt again during the reign of the Ottoman Sultan Abd Al-Majid I in 1851.
famous faces from conflict CHEMICAL ALI Saddam's cousin Ali Hassan Abd al-Majid al-Tikriti, Chemical Ali, was hanged in 2010.
At that stage, Lt Col Brace's job was almost complete, but not before a three-week stint living under a bridge in the shadows of the summer palace of former Iraqi Defence Minister Ali Hassan Abd al-Majid al-Tikriti - also known as Chemical Ali.
The king of spades in the US set of playing cards bearing Iraq's most wanted men, Ali Hassan Abd al-Majid al-Tikriti was the director of the Iraqi intelligence service at the time of the invasion.
The first, said the Secretary General of the Gedaref Farmers' Union Abd al-Majid Ali al-Tom, is the loss of South Sudanese labour as a consequence of secession.
The winners are: Arioseto Kusuma Adi, Hussein Mohammad al-Shafi'i, Muhammad al-Misnad, and Sarah Abd al-Majid
According to his son, Abd Al-Majid A'marneh, Israeli soldiers raided their house at 3 a.
According to the statement, the meeting was attended by Hezbollah's Sheikh Abd al-Majid Ammar and members of Jamaa al-Islamiya Bassam Hamoud, Hussein Hamadeh and Wael Najm.