Abd ar-Rahman III

Abd ar-Rahman III,

891–961, UmayyadUmayyad
, the first Islamic dynasty (661–750). Their reign witnessed the return to leadership roles of the pre-Islamic Arab elite, and the rejuvenation of tribal loyalties. The Banu Ummaya constituted the higher stratum of the pre-Islamic Meccan elite.
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 emir (912–29) and first caliph (929–61) of Córdoba. When he succeeded to the throne, the Spanish emirate was reduced to Córdoba and its environs and beset with tribal warfare. Abd ar-Rahman recovered the lost provinces, consolidated the central government, and created internal peace and prosperity. He built up a strong army and navy and waged war successfully against the Fatimids in N Africa and the Christian kings of León. He made Córdoba one of the greatest cities in the West.

Bibliography

See R. Knapp, Roman Córdoba (1983).

References in periodicals archive ?
Todo comenzo cuando el emperador bizantino Constantino VII Porfirogenitos (3), envio una embajada a la corte del califa Abd ar-Rahman III de Cordoba (891-961) en 949.
El polimata Hasdai Ibn Shaprut (915-970) fue el medico de la corte de Abd ar-Rahman III y al-Hakam II.
Las "Categorias de Medicos", a su vez, sirvieron de fuente basica a los escritores andalusies y otros orientales como al-Qifti (1172-1248) e Ibn Abi Usaybiah (1194-1270), siendo tambien importante el hecho de que Ibn fulyul contribuyera a la traduccion de la "Materia medica" del griego al arabe cuando esta obra fue enviada a Abd ar-Rahman III por el emperador de Bizancio.
Abd ar-Rahman III fundo la escuela de Medicina de Cordoba, de donde salieron muy buenos medicos.