Abd el-Krim

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Abd el-Krim

(äb'dĕl-krĭm`), 1882?–1963, leader of the Rif tribes of Morocco, called in full Muhammad Ibn Abd al-Karim al-Khattabi. An important figure in the administration of the Spanish Zone until 1920, he took up arms against Spanish rule. In 1921 his small force defeated a disorganized and ill-equipped Spanish army. In the next three years he strengthened his position and in 1924 drove the Spanish back to Tétouan. After capturing his only rival, Raisuli, he advanced (1925) into the French Zone. Defeated by combined Franco-Spanish forces, he surrendered in 1926 and was deported to Réunion. He escaped (1947) to Egypt, was awarded (1958) the title national hero by King Muhammad V of Morocco, and in 1962 announced he was returning to Morocco. Abd el-Krim died a year later, before he reached his destination.

Bibliography

See study by D. S. Woolman (1968).

References in periodicals archive ?
J'aimerais aussi que nous faisons des films sur Abdelkrim El Khattabi et des films sur notre vraie memoire.
La celebration de cette bataille historique, livree par les troupes rifaines sous la conduite du fin stratege et leader charismatique Mohamed Ben Abdelkrim El Khattabi, constitue une opportunite pour rappeler le souvenir de cet episode fantastique de la lutte de liberation marque par les hauts faits de bravoure, de sacrifice et d'abnegation des combattants rifains marocains et le genie militaire de leur chef qui ont porte un coup dur a l'envahisseur et contrecarre son entreprise visant a porter atteinte a l'unite de la patrie.
In July 1921, Mohammed Ben Abdelkrim El Khattabi, leader of the resistance in the Spanish-dominated zone in Morocco, inflicted a historic defeat on the Spanish soldiers, led by General Manuel Fernandez Silvestre.
Pour mieux illustre, ajoute le meme communique, cette periode et l'a mettre dans son contexte historique correcte, l'ecrivaine a controler les faits historiques a travers les yeux de la fille du grand militant Abdelkrim el Khattabi.