Abd al-Majid

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Abd al-Majid

(äb'däl-mäjēd`) or

Abdülmecit

(Turk. äbdül` mäjēd`), 1823–61, Ottoman sultan (1839–61), son and successor of Mahmud IIMahmud II,
1784–1839, Ottoman sultan (1808–39), younger son of Abd al-Hamid I. He was raised to the throne of the Ottoman Empire (Turkey) upon the deposition of his brother, Mustafa IV, and continued the reforms of his cousin, Selim III.
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 to the throne of the Ottoman Empire. The rebellion of Muhammad AliMuhammad Ali,
1769?–1849, pasha of Egypt after 1805. He was a common soldier who rose to leadership by his military skill and political acumen. In 1799 he commanded a Turkish army in an unsuccessful attempt to drive Napoleon from Egypt.
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 was checked by the intervention (1840–41) of England, Russia, and Austria. Abd al-Majid was influenced by the British ambassador, Viscount Stratford de RedcliffeStratford de Redcliffe, Stratford Canning, Viscount,
1786–1880, British diplomat. He entered (1807) the foreign office under the aegis of his cousin, George Canning. Sent (1808) to Turkey, he negotiated the Treaty of Bucharest (1812) between Turkey and Russia.
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, who helped persuade the sultan to introduce Western reforms. Two decrees (1839 and 1856) led to many changes but did not have permanent effect. Confident in British and French support, Abd al-Majid resisted (1853) the Russian claim to act as protector of the Orthodox Christians in the Ottoman Empire. This was a primary cause of the Crimean WarCrimean War
, 1853–56, war between Russia on the one hand and the Ottoman Empire, Great Britain, France, and Sardinia on the other. The causes of the conflict were inherent in the unsolved Eastern Question.
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. Turkey received no concrete gains at the Congress of Paris (1856; see Paris, Congress ofParis, Congress of,
1856, conference held by representatives of France, Great Britain, the Ottoman Empire (Turkey), Sardinia, Russia, Austria, and Prussia to negotiate the peace after the Crimean War. In the Treaty of Paris (Mar.
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). The sultan was succeeded by his brother, Abd al-AzizAbd al-Aziz
or Abdülaziz
, 1830–76, Ottoman sultan (1861–76), brother and successor of Abd al-Majid. The economic and political reforms enacted under his rule could not outpace the decline of the Ottoman Empire (Turkey).
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.
References in periodicals archive ?
Abdul Majeed Chandio, Dean, Faculty of Social Sciences, Prof.
MUZAFFARABAD -- The AJK Prime Minister Chaudhary Abdul Majeed called on President Sardar Muhammad Yaqoob Khan in Kashmir House Islamabad on Tuesday.
Islamabad -- The Azad Jammu and Kashmir (AJK) Prime Minister Chaudhry Abdul Majeed has said that overseas Kashmiris are playing a pivotal role in highlighting the plight of Kashmiris at international fora.
Abdul Majeed Adam Khater, 62, his wife, Fayza Abdullah Mohammad Sulaiman, 60, and their son Ala'a Al Deen, 31, died at the accident scene while another passenger, Mohammad Salah Karam Allah, died at the hospital where he was taken for treatment, Bahrain's General Consul in Jeddah Ebrahim Mohammad Al Musallamani said.
Khartoum, 8 Juillet (SUNA) - Abdul Majeed Idris Ali a prete le serment lundi devant le President de la Republique, Marechal Omer Al-Bashir comme un troisieme juge en chef adjoint, en presence du juge en chef, Ahmed Haider Daf'allah.
It seems that the fire was caused by an electrical short circuit, but the Civil Defense teams are conducting an investigation before they announce their finding," Abdul Majeed said.
Saudi superstar Abdul Majeed Abdullah has realized just how much he's missed performing live after his Dubai concert in March
SUICIDE bomb suspect Abdul Majeed was close friends with the brother of a man jailed over a terror plot, it emerged yesterday.
Prime Minister AJK Chaudhry Abdul Majeed was also preset during the meeting.
The Finance Minister met the Prime Minister of Kashmir Chaudhry Abdul Majeed to assure him that the Federal Government was aware of the problems being faced by the people of Kashmir and approved the grant from its share to tide over the same.
Abdul Majeed Saifaie, Director Waste Management Department and senior officials of Dubai Municipality and representatives of the partners and sponsors of the campaign.
The new board, under the chairmanship of Adel Khalil Almoayyed, includes members Dr Ahmed Al Sharyan, Dr Abdul Majeed Ali Al Awadhi, Shaikh Mohamed bin Khalifa Al Khalifa, Faisal Mohammed Al Mahroos, Mohammed Abdulla Al Jamea and Abdul Majeed Bashir Al Ghassab.