a beef breed developed in Scotland (Aberdeen and Angus counties) by improving the indigenous black polled cattle. These cattle have strongly pronounced musculature, with deep, rounded torsos and short legs. They are black. Each bull weighs 700–750 kg, and each cow weighs 500 kg; the maximum weights are 950 and 600 kg respectively. By the age of seven or eight months, calves weigh as much as 200 kg. They have a dressing percentage of 60 percent. These animals pass on their beef qualities well in crossing with other breeds. They yield around 2,000 kg of milk per cow.
The Aberdeen-Angus is one of the leading cattle breeds in England, the United States, Canada, New Zealand, and Argentina. In the USSR, it is used for crossing with the Kalmyk breed as well as for commercial crossing with dairy and dairy-beef breeds. Aberdeen-Angus cattle are raised in the steppe regions of Volgograd and Orenburg oblasts, Stavropol’, Krasnoiarsk and Altai krais of the RSFSR, the Kabardinian-Balkar ASSR, Kazakhstan, and the Ukraine. The leading breeding farm is the Paris Commune Breeding Farm in Volgograd Oblast.
REFERENCESGarrigus, W. P. Zhivotnovodstvo SShA. Moscow, 1957. (Translated from English.)
Skotovodstvo: krupnyi rogatyi skot, vol. 1. Moscow, 1961.