Abidjan

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Abidjan

(ăbĭjän`), city (1995 pop. 2,793,000), former capital of Côte d'Ivoire, a port on the Ébrié Lagoon (an arm of the Gulf of Guinea). Abidjan is Côte d'Ivoire's administrative center, commercial capital, and largest city. Its modern port is centered on Little Bassam Island, which is linked with the rest of the city by two bridges; the Vridi Canal passing through the lagoon bar provides access to the Atlantic Ocean. Coffee, cacao, timber, pineapples, manganese, and plantains are the chief items shipped from the port. Abidjan's major industries are food processing, sawmilling, automotive assembly, and the manufacture of textiles, chemicals, beverages, and soap. A communications and transportation hub, the city is connected by road or rail with neighboring countries. An international airport is nearby. In 1934 Abidjan became the capital of France's Côte d'Ivoire colony. After 1950, the city became the financial center of French-speaking W Africa. In 1983 YamoussoukroYamoussoukro
, city (1990 est. pop. 100,000), designated capital of Côte d'Ivoire, S central Côte d'Ivoire. A small town of less than 20,000 people until the late 1970s, Yamoussoukro was designated in 1983 to become the new national capital and an adminstrative and
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 was designated as the national capital, but most government offices and foreign embassies are still in Abidjan. The Univ. of Abidjan, several technical colleges, and the national library and museum are in the city, which is also a popular tourist spot. A national park with a remarkable rain forest is nearby.

Abidjan

 

capital of the Republic of the Ivory Coast. Its population in 1966 was 400,000, including the suburbs. Abidjan is situated on the coast of the Ebrié Lagoon of the Atlantic Ocean. It is the country’s main seaport, the starting point of the Abidjan-Ouagadougou (Upper Volta) railroad line, and a highway junction; it also has an airfield, located 12 km to the south. It is a major commercial center. Industry includes food enterprises (canned fish, canned pineapple, and juices), light industry, woodworking, and metalworking. There are a shipyard and a branch of Dakar University. In the center of the city are business sections, parks, and the homes of the Europeans and the African elite. Abidjan’s suburbs—Treshwil in the south and Adjame in the north—have industrial areas inhabited by the impoverished African population.

Abidjan

a port in Côte d'Ivoire, on the Gulf of Guinea: the legislative capital (Yamoussoukro became the administrative capital in 1983). Pop.: 3 516 000 (2005 est.)