balsam fir

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Related to Abies balsamea: Abies fraseri, Betula papyrifera, Prunus pensylvanica, Larix laricina

balsam fir,

common name for the evergreen tree Abies balsamea of NE North American boreal forests. It has small needles and cones and is used for lumber. It is also called Canada balsamCanada balsam,
yellow, oily, resinous exudation obtained from the balsam fir. It is an oleoresin (see resin) with a pleasant odor but a biting taste. It is a turpentine rather than a true balsam.
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, as is the resin it produces, which is used as an adhesive in optical lenses and glass slides. Balsam fir is classified in the division PinophytaPinophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called gymnosperms. The gymnosperms, a group that includes the pine, have stems, roots and leaves, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Pinopsida, order Coniferales, family Pinaceae.

balsam fir

A softwood tree with coarse-grained wood, used for interior trim. See also: Wood