Adams, Abigail

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Adams, Abigail,

1744–1818, wife of President John AdamsAdams, Abigail,
1744–1818, wife of President John Adams and mother of President John Quincy Adams, b. Weymouth, Mass., as Abigail Smith. A lively, intelligent woman, she married John Adams in 1764 and more than three decades later became the chief figure in the social life
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 and mother of President John Quincy AdamsAdams, John Quincy,
1767–1848, 6th President of the United States (1825–29), b. Quincy (then in Braintree), Mass.; son of John Adams and Abigail Adams and father of Charles Francis Adams (1807–86).
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, b. Weymouth, Mass., as Abigail Smith. A lively, intelligent woman, she married John Adams in 1764 and more than three decades later became the chief figure in the social life of her husband's administration and one of the most distinguished and influential first ladies in the history of the United States. Her relationship with her husband came as close to a partnership of equals as the culture of the time would allow. Her detailed letters, most written during her husband's wartime absences, are a vivid source of social history.

Bibliography

The correspondence with her husband was edited in a number of volumes by Charles Francis Adams and abridged by M. A. Hogan and C. J. Taylor (2007). The Adams-Jefferson Letters, edited by Lester J. Cappon (1959), includes her letters as well as John's, and letters to her sister, Mary Smith Cranch, are in New Letters of Abigail Adams, 1788–1801, edited by Stewart Mitchell (1947, repr. 1973). See biographies by J. Whitney (1947, repr. 1970), L. E. Richards (1917, repr. 1971), C. W. Akers (1980), and W. Holton (2009); E. B. Gelles, Abigail and John: Portrait of a Marriage (2009); G. J. Barker-Benfield, Abigail and John Adams: The Americanization of Sensibility (2010); J. J. Ellis, First Family (2010). See also bibliography for Adams, JohnAdams, John,
1735–1826, 2d President of the United States (1797–1801), b. Quincy (then in Braintree), Mass., grad. Harvard, 1755. John Adams and his wife, Abigail Adams, founded one of the most distinguished families of the United States; their son, John Quincy
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.

Adams, Abigail (b. Smith)

(1744–1818) First Lady; born in Weymouth, Mass. A minister's daughter, she married John Adams in 1764, beginning a classic partnership that lasted for 54 years. She had no formal schooling but taught herself Latin and then educated her five children, one of whom, John Quincy Adams, became the sixth president. Adams was often away on government business and she ran the family farm in Quincy. She and Adams maintained a long correspondence during those years of separation; her letters displayed a political bent which exceeded that of most Revolutionary period women. She was not overly happy as first lady; she resented both the expense of entertaining and the lack of privacy. She and Adams resided in Philadelphia until 1800, when she supervised the move to Washington, D.C. Following the presidency, she continued her letter writing (Thomas Jefferson was one of her correspondents). She is the only woman to have been both the wife and the mother of U.S. presidents.
References in periodicals archive ?
Abigail Smith, 30, from Machynlleth, said: 'I've only been commando when I've forgotten my pants after swimming having worn my bathers there.
I am confident that he will work closely with Karen Anderson and Abigail Smith, our Area Technical Representatives in these areas, to renew his contacts and make sure that Taconic is doing everything it can to meet the needs of clients.
Edwards School of Medicine at Marshall University was represented by five medical students: Abigail Smith, James Hatten, Lauren Burgunder, Eamonn Maher, and Joe Wilson.
Abigail Smith, also of Gateshead, won her under-20 women's hurdles contest in 9.
Kevin Parker, Adam Pepin, Lindsey Phillips, Benjamin Pierce, Kellie Pisa, Allison Powers, Samantha Prosser, Christina Provencher, James Ptak, Nicole Quatrale, Samantha Quinn, Nafisa Rawji, Connor Reardon, Kelley Roche, Jonathan Rooke, Megan Roseberry, Daniela Ruiz, Jamie Samdahl, Nicholas Sancho-Rosi, Jenna Schmidt, Timothy Scott, Benjamin Sigler, Estefania Silveri, Abigail Smith, Caitlin Smith, Rebekah Sparks, Jake St.
Susanna is named for her late aunt, Susanna Abigail Smith, who was a direct descendant of Abigail Smith Adams, the wife of John Adams, the second president of the United States.
Lots of love and luck jane, owen and abigail smith xxx = Yarm
The 11-year girls took first three places in the 50m backstroke, with Abigail Smith, Holly Scott and Rebecca Smith finishing in that order.
Abigail Smith claimed that Kent County Council took pounds 53 more than it should have from her pay when she joined union action in March 2002.
Byline: Katy Hallam, Paul Suart and Abigail Smith Staff Reporters newsdesk@birminghammail.
ON THE MARCH: Pupils Danielle Hart, Savannah Daly, Abigail Smith, Tara Furgusson, Kathryn Williams and Emily Allen.