Baylor University

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Baylor University,

mainly at Waco, Tex.; coeducational; chartered and opened 1845 by Baptists (see Baylor, Robert E. BBaylor, Robert Emmett Bledsoe
, 1793?–1873, American jurist, founder of Baylor Univ., b. Kentucky. He served in the War of 1812, studied law, and served in the Kentucky legislature. Moving (1820) to Alabama, he served in the Alabama legislature and was (1829–31) a U.
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.) at Independence, moved 1886 and absorbed Waco Univ. (chartered 1861). The library has a noted Robert Browning collection. Frank Lloyd Wright designed a theater center at Dallas for the graduate school. The university's medical school was founded (1900) as part of the Univ. of Dallas, and it became affiliated with Baylor in 1903. In 1943 it moved to Houston, and in 1969 it became a separate corporation under the title of Baylor College of Medicine. It was in connection with the Baylor medical school that Michael DeBakeyDeBakey, Michael Ellis
, 1908–2008, American surgeon, b. Lake Charles, La. While still at Tulane medical school (M.D., 1932), DeBakey developed the roller pump, which later became an essential component of the heart-lung machine, and he later made refinements in the
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 did his pioneer work in heart transplantationtransplantation, medical,
surgical procedure by which a tissue or organ is removed and replaced by a corresponding part, usually from another part of the body or from another individual.
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 and artificial heart implantation (see heart, artificialheart, artificial,
external or surgically implanted mechanical device designed to replace a patient's diseased heart. The first one used on a human being, the Jarvik-7, was implanted (1982) in Barney Clark, who lived for 112 days; another patient, William Schroeder, lived 620
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). Baylor Univ. still maintains a medical center at Dallas.