Abolitionism


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Related to Abolitionism: abolitionist, Abolition movement

Abolitionism

 

(1) A social movement aimed at liquidating a law.

(2) A movement in the United States in the 18th and 19th centuries for the abolition of Negro slavery. Abolitionism in the United States was strikingly manifested by the Negro slave rebellions in the South—for example, the rebellions in 1800, led by Gabriel; and in 1831, led by Nat Turner. The beginning of an organized national abolitionist movement dates from the founding of the American Antislavery Society in 1833. Abolitionism unified broad segments of society, including farmers who were struggling for land against the slaveholding plantation owners, workers, progressive intellectuals, and activists in the Negro emancipation movement, as well as an element of the bourgeoisie who saw slavery as an obstacle to the development of capitalism in the country. The most revolutionary abolitionist groups, headed by F. Douglass, understood the need for armed force in the struggle against slavery. Of special importance in the struggle against slavery was the 1859 insurrection led by J. Brown. The popular masses played a leading role in the liquidation of slavery during the American Civil War. Under pressure from them, the government of A. Lincoln adopted as a military measure a law emancipating but giving no land to those Negro slaves who were owned by planters participating in the secessionist rebellion. However, the Civil War did not bring true freedom to the Negroes. The American bourgeoisie strove “to restore everything possible, and to do everything possible—even the impossible—to further the most shameless and vile oppression of Negroes” (V. I. Lenin, Poln. sobr. soch., 5th ed., vol. 27, p. 142).

(3) The struggle which developed in Great Britain, France, and several other European countries in the 18th and 19th centuries to abolish slavery in colonial areas.

References in periodicals archive ?
In short they sanitized it and it is quite possible that, had there not been a resurgence of abolitionism following the Second World War, Britain would have gone down the same path as the United States where, thanks to the introduction of supposedly humane execution technologies such as the lethal injection, there has been a steady increase in the use of the death penalty since the mid-1980s.
15) For Davis, the emergence of humanitarianism and abolitionism needed to be understood, in a complex and dialectical way, as part of the emergence of capitalism.
Abolitionism provides a methodology and a theoretical framework for dismantling the expanding prison-industrial complex.
Slavery on Trial: Law, Abolitionism, and Print Culture examines the ways contesting groups--white abolitionists, black slaves, proslavery advocates--used the metaphor and rhetoric of court trials as a means of "ordering and assigning meaning" to the slavery debates of the 1840s and 1850s (p.
Co-authored by Hazel Dicken-Garcia (Professor of Journalism and Mass Communication, University of Minnesota) and journalism/free speech researcher Giovanna Dell'Orto, "Hated Ideas And the American Civil War Press" presents a detailed and comprehensive analysis of newspaper coverage of such controversial subjects as abolitionism and slavery during the period of the American Civil War.
To what extent can the force of the masses be characterized as new, when there were strong antecedents, not least in 19th-century abolitionism and independence?
Black Power and the American Radical Tradition" (1968) is as valuable today as when it was written because it draws revealing analogies between black revolutionary movements and earlier political developments such as Abolitionism and Anarchism.
This volume examines the link between abolitionism and woman's suffrage and illustrates how the ending of the Civil War compelled Stanton and Anthony to turn their attention to other pressing issues.
PERFECTIONIST POLITICS: ABOLITIONISM AND THE RELIGIOUS TENSIONS OF AMERICAN DEMOCRACY.
This book is important because it permits readers to examine pertinent issues of black abolitionism in a concise one-volume work.
The authors present compelling ideas about the meaning and implications of abolitionism, which Delbanco defines broadly as any social movement aimed at eliminating a particular evil from the world.
The translation of Joao Pedro Marques' Sounds of Silence will serve to correct the historiographical emphasis on British abolitionism and provide English readers with an insightful counterpoint by looking at the abolition of the Portuguese slave trade.