Abolitionism

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Related to Abolitionist Movement: abolitionism, White abolitionists

Abolitionism

 

(1) A social movement aimed at liquidating a law.

(2) A movement in the United States in the 18th and 19th centuries for the abolition of Negro slavery. Abolitionism in the United States was strikingly manifested by the Negro slave rebellions in the South—for example, the rebellions in 1800, led by Gabriel; and in 1831, led by Nat Turner. The beginning of an organized national abolitionist movement dates from the founding of the American Antislavery Society in 1833. Abolitionism unified broad segments of society, including farmers who were struggling for land against the slaveholding plantation owners, workers, progressive intellectuals, and activists in the Negro emancipation movement, as well as an element of the bourgeoisie who saw slavery as an obstacle to the development of capitalism in the country. The most revolutionary abolitionist groups, headed by F. Douglass, understood the need for armed force in the struggle against slavery. Of special importance in the struggle against slavery was the 1859 insurrection led by J. Brown. The popular masses played a leading role in the liquidation of slavery during the American Civil War. Under pressure from them, the government of A. Lincoln adopted as a military measure a law emancipating but giving no land to those Negro slaves who were owned by planters participating in the secessionist rebellion. However, the Civil War did not bring true freedom to the Negroes. The American bourgeoisie strove “to restore everything possible, and to do everything possible—even the impossible—to further the most shameless and vile oppression of Negroes” (V. I. Lenin, Poln. sobr. soch., 5th ed., vol. 27, p. 142).

(3) The struggle which developed in Great Britain, France, and several other European countries in the 18th and 19th centuries to abolish slavery in colonial areas.

References in periodicals archive ?
Much of this evidence is directed to showing Darwin's association with the development of the abolitionist movement among the middle-class of an increasingly industrialized England.
The museum is the first of its kind in the world to look at both sides of the story - not just the hard work of the abolitionist movement in this country, but the stories of the rebellion and bravery of enslaved people throughout the world.
But as Waters notes, "[t]he abolitionist movement had helped to sharpen both pro- and anti-slavery views"; the Haitian revolution and other slave uprisings "fuelled the rise of systematic racial theorizing aimed at justifying black slavery" (38).
These include Nat Turner, Frederick Douglass, Jarena Lee, and Sojourner Truth as well as the development of the Women's Bible and the abolitionist movement.
Chenwi argues that if the African Charter had such a restriction, then those "fence sitting states" who refuse to remove the possibility of the death penalty from their statutes or constitutions would be prevented from implementing their policies, creating at least greater security for the abolitionist movement on the continent.
Although he died 10 years before the abolition of the slave trade he became an important figure in the abolitionist movement, giving it an African voice.
We first meet Amanita as an old woman in turn-of-the-19th-century London, where she and her life story have become useful symbols for members of Britain's abolitionist movement, "big-whiskered, wide-bellied, bald-headed men boycotting sugar but smelling of tobacco.
African slave Olaudah Equiano (Youssou N'Dour), who bought his freedom and has written a book about his ordeal, joins Wilberforce's abolitionist movement along with MP Lord Charles Fox (Michael Gambon) and Thomas Clarkson (Rufus Sewell).
African slave Olaudah Equiano (N'Dour), who bought his freedom and has written a book about his extraordinary ordeal, joins Wilberforce's abolitionist movement along with aristocratic MP Lord Charles Fox (Gambon).
In the 1780s, Lady Margaret Middleton, an unsung hero of the abolitionist movement, had used her role as hostess to prod James Ramsay into writing his book and to help recruit More, Clarkson, and Wilberforee.
IN THE CURRENT EXHIBIT "NEW YORK DIVIDED: SLAVERY AND THE Civil War," at the New-York Historical Society (November 2006-September 2007), the curators explore the state's "seemingly contradictory role as both a major center of the nation's abolitionist movement and a virtual 'Capital of the South,' with important commercial and political ties to Southern slavery.
While [his] attempts to put his book in the context of the rising tide of the British abolitionist movement are admirable, he fails to provide a coherent context, and far too much of his account revolves around personalities.