Absheron

(redirected from Abseron)

Absheron

(əpshĭrôn`) (äpshĭrôn`) or

Apsheron

(əp–), peninsula, c.40 mi (60 km) long, extending into the Caspian Sea, E Azerbaijan. It is a dry, hilly area at the eastern end of the Greater Caucasus Mts. and is underlain by rich oil-bearing rock strata. The oil industry developed there in the 1870s, although the presence of oil was known long before. The peninsula, with its Bakı (Baku) oil fields, was the USSR's chief oil-producing region prior to the opening of the Siberian fields. Natural gas wells, salt lakes, mineral springs, and mud volcanoes are also found on Absheron. Bakıis the region's chief city, and the peninsula falls within the boundaries of Greater Bakı.
References in periodicals archive ?
Azeri scientists consider the Abseron Yasaqligi (Absheron Peninsula), including Baku and Sumqayit and the Caspian Sea, to be the most ecologically devastated area in the world because of severe air, water, and soil pollution.
Greater Caucasus, also called the Great Caucasus, are a major range of the Caucasus Mountains, extending west-east for about 750 miles (1,200 km) from the Taman Peninsula on the Black Sea to the Abseron Peninsula on the Caspian Sea.