Abu Bakr

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Abu Bakr

(ä`bo͞o bäk`ər), 573–634, 1st caliph, friend, father-in-law, and successor of Muhammad. He was probably Muhammad's first convert outside the Prophet's family and alone accompanied Muhammad on the Hegira. The marriage of Abu Bakr's daughter AishahAishah
, c.614–678, third and favorite of the nine wives of Muhammad the Prophet. Her father was Abu Bakr, who became first caliph after the Prophet's death. She was married to the Prophet soon after the Hegira, his only wife that was neither a widow nor a divorcee.
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 to Muhammad made the ties even stronger. On the Prophet's death in 632, UmarUmar
or Omar
, c.581–644, 2d caliph (see caliphate). At first hostile to Islam, he was converted by 618, becoming an adviser to Muhammad. He succeeded Abu Bakr as caliph without opposition in 634. In his reign Islam became an imperial power.
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 secured Abu Bakr's election over the tribal chiefs and AliAli
(Ali ibn Abu Talib), 598?–661, 4th caliph (656–61). The debate over his right to the caliphate caused a major split in Islam into Sunni and Shiite branches, and he is regarded by the Shiites as the first Imam, or leader: Shiite derives from the phrase
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. The two years of his caliphate were critical for Islam. Though he was himself fervent rather than warlike, his party crushed opposition in Arabia and began the remarkable extension of Islam as a world religion. He was succeeded by Umar.
References in periodicals archive ?
Abu Bakr Siddiq Al-Amin, spokesperson of the ministry, on Monday said they renewed Sudan's keenness t to vaccinate children and its commitment to reach an agreement with the UN agencies allowing to carry out this campaign.
LAHORE, June 15, 2009 (Balochistan Times) --Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddiq (RA) Conference will be held here in connection with his death anniversary at seminar hall Data Darbar Complex here on Tuesday (22 Jumadi-al-Sani).
The government is considering the proposals made by President Thabo Mbeki, the chairmen of the African Union mechanism, aiming to end the current situation in the relations between Sudan and South Sudan", said Abu Bakr Siddiq Al-Amin.