Mahmoud Abbas

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Abbas, Mahmoud

(mäkhmo͞od` äbäs`, mämo͞od`), 1935–, Palestinian leader, also known as Abu Mazen. He was born in Saffed, Palestine (now in Israel), but his family fled during the 1948–49 Arab-Israeli conflict and lived in Syria. Educated at Damascus Univ. and Moscow Oriental College, Abbas helped found Al Fatah and held nonmilitary positions in the group under Yasir ArafatArafat, Yasir or Yasser
, 1929–2004, leader of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), the coordinating body for Palestinian organizations, and head of Al Fatah, the largest group in the PLO.
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. A Palestinian negotiator on the Oslo Accords and in subsequent talks with Israel, he became deputy chairman of the Palestine Liberation OrganizationPalestine Liberation Organization
(PLO), coordinating council for Palestinian organizations, founded (1964) by Egypt and the Arab League and initially controlled by Egypt.
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 (PLO) in 1996 and briefly served as Palestinian AuthorityPalestinian Authority
(PA) or Palestinian National Authority,
interim self-government body responsible for areas of the West Bank and Gaza Strip under Palestinian control.
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 (PA) prime minister in 2003, resigning after clashing with Arafat over control of the security forces. Regarded as a pragmatist, Abbas has called for an end to armed struggle against Israel, saying that the Palestinians are outgunned and cannot win.

Abbas was chosen as PLO chairman and the leader of Al Fatah following Arafat's death in 2004, and was elected president of the PA in 2005. The 2006 election of a HamasHamas
[Arab., = zeal], Arabic acronym for the Islamic Resistance Movement, a Palestinian Islamic fundamentalist organization that was founded in 1987 during the Intifada; it seeks to establish an Islamic state in Israel, the West Bank, and the Gaza Strip (the former
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 majority in the PA legislature led to a standoff between Abbas and the Hamas government over recognizing Israel and over control of the security forces, resulting in a government that was unable to function and tensions that at times erupted into fighting between Hamas and Al Fatah. In early 2007 both groups agreed to form a power-sharing government, but Abbas dissolved the government after Hamas seized control of the Gaza Strip in June, 2007, and appointed an emergency government with no Hamas members. In 2009 Abbas indicated he would not seek a second term, but the PLO voted (2010) to extend his PA presidency indefinitely when it and Hamas could not agree on an election date. A government including Hamas was not established until the two sides reached an agreement in 2014.

References in periodicals archive ?
One again, the channel describes Abu Mazen (Mahmoud Abbas) of being one of the biggest supporters of terrorism against Jews, claiming that his statements and what is being broadcast on Palestine TV prove this reality.
In a telephone conversation, president Abu Mazen (Abbas) congratulated PM Ismail Haniya of Hamas on his victory and offered condolences for the martyrs", a statement from the Gazan leader's office said.
The critics, be they Palestinians or other Arabs, will perhaps reconsider their unjustified negative positions when they see that in both times, they were in agreement with ultra-extremist Israelis in both Israel and the United States, in terms of criticizing Abu Mazen and Hamas, sometimes even appearing as though they were drawing on the vocabulary of the settlers.
Erekat told the daily that Abu Mazen held a phone conversation on Monday with the US Secretary of State, Hillary Clinton, and met on Tuesday night with the Mideast Quartet envoy, Tony Blair, before holding another meeting with US Special Envoy to the Middle East David Hale.
At first glance, the position of Abu Mazen (Abbas) appears strange or wrong as Israel did not agree to freeze settlements, particularly in occupied Jerusalem.
Time is Now: Abu Mazen Position Strengthened; Parameters for Peace Well Known
The council approved Arafat's nomination of Mahmoud Abbas, known as Abu Mazen.
A foreign affairs adviser to Netanyahu, Dore Gold, said he had telephoned Mahmoud Abbas, a senior Palestine Liberation Organization official better known as Abu Mazen, and had received a ``positive and businesslike response.
I have known Abu Mazen for 30 years, and nobody will change my opinion of him", Peres continued, using Abbas's nom de guerre.
The original Abu Mazen was a calm man who could not be provoked, a man who deals with things amicably, as though he were a child who is sixty or seventy years old.
Hemadeh said that Abu Mazen first talked about his determination to head to the UN council and the UN General Assembly.
Barely a day passed after the Netanyahu-Obama meeting in early July when there were already calls in opinion columns in Palestinian newspapers on Abu Mazen to resign and refuse to proceed any further with "negotiations" that most Palestinians see simply as a charade.