Abu Muslim


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Abu Muslim

(ä`bo͞o mo͝os`lĭm), c.728–755, Persian leader of the AbbasidAbbasid
or Abbaside
, Arab family descended from Abbas, the uncle of Muhammad. The Abbasids held the caliphate from 749 to 1258, but they were recognized neither in Spain nor (after 787) W of Egypt.
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 revolution. By political and religious agitation he raised (747) the black banners of the Abbasids against the ruling UmayyadUmayyad
, the first Islamic dynasty (661–750). Their reign witnessed the return to leadership roles of the pre-Islamic Arab elite, and the rejuvenation of tribal loyalties. The Banu Ummaya constituted the higher stratum of the pre-Islamic Meccan elite.
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 family. In 749 he established Abu al-Abbas as-Saffah, the head of the Abbasid family, as caliph of Islam. Abu Muslim became governor of Khorasan, but the caliph al-MansurMansur, al-
[Arab.,=the victorious], d. 775, 2d Abbasid caliph (754–75) and founder of the city of Baghdad. His name was in full Abu Jafar abd-Allah al-Mansur. He was brother and successor of Abu al-Abbas.
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 feared his power and treacherously murdered him.

Abu Muslim

 

Born circa 727; died circa 755. A leader of the anti-Umayyad rebellion in Khurasan.

In his early youth Abu Muslim was a slave belonging to one of the activists of the secret organization of supporters of the Abbasid clan. He was sent to the Marv Oasis in 747 to lead the uprising being planned there against the Umayyads. He drew Iranian peasants, some Arab tribes, fugitive slaves, and dekhkan into the uprising. From December 747 to January 748 the troops of Abu Muslim overran Marv. In 748 they took Nishapur and Tus (present-day Meshed), and in 749 they defeated the Umayyads near Nehavend. By early 750 they had achieved a decisive victory on the Great Zab River. After the Abbasids came to power, Abu Muslim remained the deputy overlord in Khurasan. He was murdered on the orders of Caliph Mansur, who feared the growing influence of Abu Muslim and his democratic trends.

References in periodicals archive ?
Abu Muslim Al Turkmani handles Iraqis affairs, while Abu Ali Al Anbari runs Syrian affairs and also handles intelligence.
TEHRAN (FNA)- The number two man of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) terrorist group and its deputy leader Abu Muslim al-Turkmani has been killed, ISIL's spokesman declared Tuesday night.
In a statement the cell said today, Accurate air strikes hit sites of Daash what led to the deaths of a number of leading members including the most imminent / Abu Osama/ in Qaim area and Farhan Abboud and Abu Howrah al-Iraqi who participated in the transfer of suicide bombers to Baghdad and Abu Muslim responsible for the Baghdad bombings and Abu Ibrahim Al Ansari is the so-called Wali Baghdad .
According to the Western media, the two top post-Baghdadi leaders are Abu Ala' al-Afri, a former top deputy to Zarqawi; and Fadel al-Hayali, known as Abu Muslim al-Turkmani, a former Iraqi Ba'thist Special Forces officer from the mainly Turkoman town of Tal Afar, near Mosul, although there have been un-confirmed Iraqi reports that both men were killed in air-strikes in recent months.
1920), a prolific scholar better known in Oman as Abu Muslim al-Bahlani.
that the army killed members of terrorists in Rankous, Zamlak and Qara, among the dead terrorists was Abu Muslim al-Tunsi, leader of Jabhet al-Nusraterrorist organization in Rankous.
officials say airstrikes have killed several senior and mid-level jihadis including Abu Muslim al-Turkmani, the right hand man of ISIS chief Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, dealing a serious blow to the group's operations.
US officials said among those killed was Abu Muslim Al Turkmani, who was Baghdadi's deputy in charge of Iraq and would be the most senior IS leader to fall this year.
Meanwhile, the Iraqi Ministry of Defense said that it was investigating potential death of Al-Baghdadi in the attack that claimed the life of his closest aide known as Abu Muslim Al-Turkomani.
Aside from Baghdadi, who reportedly spent five years in the camp, his number two man, Abu Muslim al-Turkmani, and senior leader, Haji Bakr, now dead, also came from Camp Bucca.
Abu Muslim Omar Al-Naqeeb, a student of renowned Salafi cleric Al-Hajouri, is of the opinion Salafis' were the most to suffer from political parties and Yemen's political regime as they were subjected to crude injustice in Dammaj.
One video with Hindi, Tamil and Urdu subtitles, posted on jihadi forums and YouTube, features a Canadian jihadi identified as Abu Muslim, who is shown firing a rocket- propelled grenade and participating in combat before he is killed.