Abu Nuwas


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Abu Nuwas

(ä`bo͞o no͞owäs`), c.750–c.810, Arab poet, b. Ahvaz, Persia. He spent most of his life in Baghdad. High in favor with the caliphs Harun ar-Rashid and Amin, he lived a courtier's life; his exquisite lyric poetry celebrated wine and the extravagance of this life.

Abu Nuwas

 

(al-Hasan ibn-Hani al-Hakami). Born between 747 and 762 in Ahwaz; died between 813 and 815 in Baghdad. Poet. His father was Arab and his mother Iranian. He spent most of his life in Baghdad.

Abu Nuwas was imprisoned by Caliph Al-Amin for violating Muslim law. His poetry broke sharply with the themes and conventional practices of pre-Islamic bedouin poetry, which he systematically ridiculed. He was one of the first poets to infuse fresh vigor into poetic conventions by introducing and systematically developing new themes and subjects, such as urban life, wine (which was prohibited by Islamic law), and hunting. He found a source of inspiration in the cultural tradition of Iran. In his poetry one encounters the names of Iranian historical and legendary heroes and descriptions of the rites and traditions of Zoroastrianism. Abu Nuwas’ work suggests that he belonged to the Shuubids, a cultural and political movement that advocated liberation of the Iranian people from caliphate rule.

WORKS

Divan. Beirut, 1962.
Der Dīvān des Abū Nuwas, part 1. Edited by E. Wagner. Wiesbaden, 1958.

REFERENCES

Fil’shtinskii, I. M. Arabskaia klassicheskaia literatura. Moscow, 1965.
Abbas Makhmud al-Aqqad. Abu Nuwas al-Hasan ibn-Hani. Cairo, 1952.
Wagner, E. Abū-Nuwas. Wiesbaden, 1965.

M. I. ZAND

References in periodicals archive ?
Islamic ironies, between Abu Nuwas and Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi Reflecting, as he often would, on the question of wine, and its permissibility in Islam, the 9th-century bacchic poet of Baghdad, Abu Nuwas, once asked:
The doublet occurs now in another poem by Abu Nuwas, now in a poem by another poet.
The notion of a strongly shared Iraqi identity is threadbare: The days are long gone when Shiites, Sunnis, Kurds and Christians all ate masgouf fish and sipped araq on Baghdad's Abu Nuwas street.
Hordes of young people, males and females, were spending the evening alongside us in the masquf fish restaurants along the famous riverside of Abu Nuwas Street, The ordinary daily life of the people does not appear unduly affected by the occasional distant explosions.
Abu Nuwas for instance had insulted him by denying the fact that he was from the Arab descendent when he stated: O
The poems examined are: the Mu`allaqa by Imru' al-Qays, the Lamiyyat al-`Arab by al-Shanfara, the Mu`allaqa by Labid, three elegies by al-Khansa, a love poem by Jamil, a satire by Jarir, a wine poem by Abu Nuwas, a panegyric by Abu Tamman, a panegyric by al-Mutanabbi, a love poem by Ibn Zaydun, two zajals by Ibn Quzman, a Sufi poem by Ibn al-Farid, and a merchant poem by Baha' al-Din Zuahayr.
His drinking buddies are Abu Nuwas the gay poet, Jafar the vizier, and Masrur the executioner.
The primary figure here, and the most frequently cited by Massad, is Abu Nuwas (ca.
Tayyan's one week trip included an award giving ceremony, sightseeing in famous archaeological sites such as Byblos, Deir Al-Qamar, Abu Nuwas and Prince Basheer castles, as well as fine dining in exclusive Lebanese eateries highlighted by an array of entertaining shows.
Later in life Abu Nuwas regretted his drinking bouts and asked God
Suddenly, I was seeing an accurate rendering of Abu Nuwas Street, and then the Al Fanar hotel, our home in Baghdad.
The first text is recent; the second one, addressed to Satan and threatening Koranic virtue, is from the poet Abu Nuwas, who wrote erotic poetry to both men and women in the eighth century.