Ceuta

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Ceuta

(thāo͞o`tä), city (1994 pop. 71,926), c.7 sq mi (18 sq km), NW Africa, a possession of Spain, on the Strait of Gibraltar. An enclave in Morocco, Ceuta is administered as an integral part of Cádiz prov., Spain. It is located on a peninsula whose promontory forms one of the Pillars of HerculesPillars of Hercules,
ancient mythological name for promontories flanking the east entrance to the Strait of Gibraltar. They are usually identified with Gibraltar in Europe and with Mt. Acha at Ceuta in Africa. The Jebel Musa (W of Ceuta) is also considered one of the pillars.
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. The city, which has a European appearance, is a free port, with a large harbor and ample wharves; it is also a refueling and fishing port. Food processing is an important activity, and tourism is growing. Ceuta is connected with Tétouan, Morocco, by road and rail.

Built on a Phoenician colony, the city was held by Carthaginians, Romans, Vandals, Byzantines, and Arabs (711). Taken by Portugal in 1415 (the first permanent European conquest in Africa), it then passed (1580) to Spain. It has remained Spanish despite several attacks, notably a prolonged siege (1694–1720) by the Sultan Moulay Ismail. In the 1990s Ceuta became a way station for many sub-Saharan Africans fleeing civil wars or other strife in their homelands and attempting to emigrate to Europe. In 2002, Morocco, which objects to Spain's possession of Ceuta, MelillaMelilla
, city (1994 pop. 63,670), Spanish possession, on the Mediterranean coast of Morocco, NW Africa. It is a free port, and the principal industry is fishing. Spain has held the city since 1496 despite many attacks by Moroccans; Morocco continues to object to Spanish control
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, and several smaller Moroccan outposts, briefly occupied nearby Perejil, or Leila, an uninhabited islet both nations claim. After Spanish forces bloodlessly ousted the Moroccans, both countries agreed to leave Perejil unoccupied.

Ceuta

 

a city on the Mediterranean coast of Morocco, on the eastern shore of the Strait of Gibraltar. Population, 88,500 (1970). Ceuta and the surrounding area (19 sq km) are governed by Spain. A fishing port, Ceuta exports fish products and cork. It has shipyards, fish canneries, and enterprises for the production of consumer goods. Ceuta was founded in the seventh century B.C. In 1415 it was captured by Portugal, and in 1580 it became a Spanish possession. A Spanish naval base is located in Ceuta.

Ceuta

an enclave in Morocco on the Strait of Gibraltar, consisting of a port and military station: held by Spain since 1580. Pop.: 74 931 (2003 est.)
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