Académie française

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Académie française:

see French AcademyFrench Academy
(L'Académie française), learned society of France. It is one of the five societies of the Institut de France. Development
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Académie Française

 

a French scholarly institution devoted to the study of language and literature and the establishment of linguistic and literary standards, especially through the creation of a dictionary of the French language (1694; 8th ed., 1931–35) and a grammar (1932); the academy also awards several literary prizes. The Académie Française is part of the Institut de France and comprises 40 members, known as the Immortals. Founded in 1635 on the initiative of Cardinal Richelieu, it was abolished by the National Convention in 1793 but was reestablished in 1803.

In the 17th century the academy sought to influence the development of literature, but during the 18th century, having become a purely honorary institution, its authority diminished. The academy is marked by traditionalism and a resistance to innovation.

REFERENCES

Istoriia frantsuzskoi literatury, vol. 1. Moscow-Leningrad, 1946.
Oster, D. Histoire de l’Académie Française. Paris [1970].
References in periodicals archive ?
At the beginning of 1960, an article on laziness by Paul Morand is blocked by Georges Wildenstein for fear of De Gaulle, who was standing in the way of Morand's election into the Academie francaise.
He also contributed to several volumes of Faulkner's works in translation for La Pleiade (Gallimard), and among his latest works are two monographs on Philip Roth and Flannery O'Connor (Voix Americaines, Belin), and a biography of William Faulkner, Une Vie en romans (editions Aden) for which he was awarded several prizes last year, including the national Academie Francaise prize for biography.
Well, it's simple, secretary of the Academie Francaise Maurice Druon told the European Parliament this week: "The language of Montesquieu is unbeatable.
It's not the first time an institution has tried to maintain the integrity of its native tongue in our increasingly global world--the Academie Francaise has made efforts to prevent the influx of English words into the French language, with some success--but this may be the first time fines have been assessed on offenders
Les Bienveillantes, the debut novel from author Jonathan Littel, has been awarded the top literary prize of the Academie Francaise.
I've crashed weddings, funerals, high school reunions and the rules committee at the Academie francaise," reports one 30-something board crasher.
By contrast, the Academie Francaise struggles Canute-like to keep foreign terms from the Gallic tongue, expunging words like 'corner kick' from the French lexicon.
And that is why Baudelaire presented himself to the Academie Francaise.
Early scientific and scholarly publication was by a body usually under the patronage of royalty, aristocracy, church or state, such as the Academie Francaise, established in 1635, or the British Royal Society, which began publishing its Proceedings in the 17th century.
In 1635, Louis XIII granted the Academie Francaise its letters-patent; Conrart became its first head, the Secretaire Perpetuel.
The combination of knowing laughter and scorn with which he treats Jean Baptiste Lully, in particular, doubtless plays quite differently at the College de France or the Academie Francaise than it does in the U.
Or Viand becomes the celebrated "Pierre Loti," an extravagant, globe-trotting gamecock and seducer who adores fancy dress, frequents the glittering salon of Madame Adam, is an intimate of the queen of Romania, and is elected to the Academie Francaise.
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