Academy of Sciences of the Lithuanian Soviet Socialist Republic

Academy of Sciences of the Lithuanian Soviet Socialist Republic

 

the highest scientific institution of the Lithuanian SSR. Founded in 1941. Located at Vilnius, with some scientific institutions located at Kaunas. Members of the academy (1968) include 20 academicians and 19 corresponding members.

The system of the academy incorporates three divisions and ten scientific research institutes: the division of physics, engineering, and mathematical sciences, including the scientific research institutes of physics and mathematics, semiconductor physics, and power physics and engineering; the division of chemical engineering and biological sciences, including the scientific research institutes of chemistry and chemical engineering, biochemistry, botany, and zoology and parasitology; and the division of social sciences, including the scientific research institutes of economics, history, and Lithuanian language and literature. The academy has several other scientific research institutions—including departments of geography, and nuclear physics and applications of radioactive isotopes—and a botanical garden. It also has a central scientific library, with 1,860,000 items (1968).

The leading research trends are probability theory and mathematical statistics, mathematical problems in cybernetics and engineering cybernetics, theoretical spectroscopy of atoms and molecules, semiconductor physics, high-temperature heat physics, theory of electrodeposition of metals and development of electroplating methods of applying platings with prespecified properties, biological fundamentals of increasing the productivity of agricultural crops and animal husbandry, and history, language, and literature of the Lithuanian people.

The academy publishes Trudy (in Lithuanian and Russian) in three series (since 1955), a variety of scientific literature, and the Lithuanian Soviet Encyclopedia.

The presidents of the Academy of Sciences of the Lithuanian SSR have been V. Kreve-Mitskevichius (April 1941–June 1941) and Corresponding Member of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR Iu. Iu. Matulis (since 1946).

REFERENCES

Matulis, Iu. Iu. Akademiia nauk Litovskoi SSR. Vilnius, 1965.
Lietuvos TSR Moksly akademija XXV. Vilnius, 1967.

IU. IU. MATULIS

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