Accademia della Crusca


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Accademia della Crusca

(äk-kädĕ`mēä dĕl`lä kro͞os`kä) [Ital.,=academy of the chaff], Italian literary society founded in Florence in 1582 to maintain the purity of the language. Leonardo Salviati, influenced by Pietro Bembo, and the poet Grazzini formed the society to unify literary Italian on the model of the vernacular of Tuscany. A comedy by Lorenzino de' Medici, L'Aridosio, was chosen as a standard, as were two plays by the artist and poet Michelangelo Buonarroti, first consul of the society. The major work of the society was the compilation of Grazzini's Vocabulario, a dictionary of "pure" words, first published in 1612. It has gone through many editions and remains one of the finest Italian dictionaries. The society succeeded in establishing literary purism in Italy for several centuries. Joined with two other academies, it is still in existence.

Crusca, Accademia della:

see Accademia della CruscaAccademia della Crusca
[Ital.,=academy of the chaff], Italian literary society founded in Florence in 1582 to maintain the purity of the language. Leonardo Salviati, influenced by Pietro Bembo, and the poet Grazzini formed the society to unify literary Italian on the model of
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References in periodicals archive ?
There are currently 18 surviving expeditions; (9) since Gigli signed them with the name of a respected Jesuit missionary, (10) these outlandish events fast became commonly regarded as true accounts, deceiving the very institutions they targeted and furthering Gigli's agenda: exposing the affectations and hypocrisy of the Accademia della Crusca and the religious bigotry of the Medicean court, (11) Montesquieu would later accomplish a similar effect by using Usbek, a foreign (and therefore naive) observer of Parisian society, and Swift would use Gulliver as a familiar traveler in an exotic land.
Aware that the pope had access to the letters, (26) enjoyed academic parodies and was not fond of the Accademia della Crusca, (27) Gigli coyly admitted to having written the Gazzettino in order "to amuse a great personage.
France has L'Academie FranE*aise, Spain the Real Academia EspaEola, and Italy the Accademia della Crusca.
Della Crusca refers to the Accademia della Crusca, closed by Austrian Grand Duke Leopold 11 in 1783.
Florio was also obviously independent from the Medicean ideology and"conservative linguistic politics" (243) that guided the Accademia della Crusca.
Rinaldi views the texts of Giraldi Cinzio, Pigna, Pellegrino, and the representatives of the Accademia della Crusca as the stimuli and the larger theoretical context for the debate between Tasso and Patrizi.
Modeled after the Florentine Accademia della Crusca, they sought to encourage the use of German in preference of French.
With the death of Giovanni Nencioni Italy loses its dean of Italian linguistics, an innovative scholar, university professor, and a visionary President of the Accademia della Crusca.
Under Nencioni's leadership the Accademia della Crusca gained renewed vigor and prestige.
Gastone Venturelli, Pensieri linguistici di Giovanni Pascoli con un glossario degli elementi barghigiani della sua poesia, Firenze: Accademia della Crusca, 2000, pp.
118)) Lest all of this sounds more like an erotic fantasy of a randy Aretino than real scholarship, let me point out that Cicero's etymology of penicillus, the Latin root for pennello according to the Accademia della Crusca, was exactly the same as Aretino's.