Fiscal Year

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Fiscal Year

 

a period of time used as a reference in accounting and in planning for enterprises and associations or for the national economy as a whole. Its duration is 12 months, but the date on which it begins may vary.

In capitalist countries the fiscal year for industry coincides with the calendar year, but for agriculture the fiscal year is determined by the period of the agricultural year. In the USSR the fiscal year, as a rule, ran from October to September 30 during the period from September 1921 to September 1930. A decree of the Central Executive Committee of the USSR of Sept. 20, 1930, established the fiscal year for periods from January 1 to December 31. For animal husbandry in the USSR the fiscal year, beginning in 1953, ran from October 1 to September 30, but in 1957 the beginning of the fiscal year was again transferred to January 1 of the corresponding year.

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Also, some companies change their accounting reference dates resulting in a turnover figure for more or less than a 12-month period.

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