Aceh

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Related to Aceh Darussalam: Atjeh

Aceh

(ä`chā), special region (1980 pop. 2,875,634), 21,387 sq mi (55,392 sq km), N Sumatra, Indonesia, formerly known as Atjeh or Achin. The capital and largest city is Banda Aceh. The northernmost province of Sumatra, Aceh has rich petroleum and natural gas deposits as well as valuable rubber, oil palm, and timber resources. The Acehnese, like most Indonesians, are Muslim, but are generally more conservative. Gunung Leuser National Park is in SE Aceh.

A kingdom in N Sumatra is recorded by the 6th-cent. A.D. Chinese. By the 8th cent. Islam had arrived, and a number of Muslim kingdoms and sultanates were subsequently established in the region. Aceh (Achin) reached the height of its power in the early 17th cent. The Dutch gained control of the coast in 1873 and engaged in a partly successful effort to subdue the interior until c.1910.

Aceh also resisted Indonesian control and in 1959 was designated a special region with autonomy in religion, culture, and education. Late in 1976 the Movement for a Free Aceh declared the province independent but was suppressed; guerrilla warfare resumed in the late 1980s and continued through the rest of the century. A peace agreement providing for greater Acehnese autonomy was signed in 2002, but with neither side willing to compromise, Indonesia ended the subsequent talks in 2003, imposed martial law (reduced to a state of emergency in 2004 and ended in 2005), and launched new attacks against the rebels.

Many coastal areas in Aceh were devastated by an intense offshore earthquake and resulting tsunami in Dec., 2004; some 166,000 died in the province. In the aftermath, the rebels and government held a series of talks aimed at ending the fighting. A new peace accord, calling for the rebels to disarm, government forces to be reduced, and for local self-government to be established in Aceh, was signed in Aug., 2005. Some 15,000 people are believed to died as a result of the conflict. An autonomy law for Aceh was passed by the Indonesian parliament in 2006, and the first government under it was elected later in the year.

Aceh

an autonomous region of N Indonesia, in N Sumatra; mountainous with rain forests; scene of separatist conflict since the later 1990s; coastal areas suffered badly in the Indian Ocean tsunami of December 2004. Capital: Banda Aceh. Pop.: 3 930 905 (2000). Area: 55 392 sq. km (21 381 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
In the small hours today an earlier quake struck Simeuleu also in Nangroe Aceh Darussalam but with a lower magnitude of 5.
Also partnering with USINDO and the University on this ground breaking project are the Department of Schools, City of Banda Aceh, the Department of Schools of Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam, the Ministry of National Education and the Sampoerna Foundation, a Jakarta-based organization that has been working on educational projects in Aceh for many years.
Pertamina has a concession block operated by its own unit - Pertamina Upstream - covering seven oil and gas operation areas: Nangroe Aceh Darussalam (NAD); the Northern Sumatra Operation Area, with the main office in Rantau; the Central Sumatra Operating Area, with the main office in Jambi; the Southern Sumatra Operation Area, with the main office in Prabumulih; the Western Java Operation Area, with the main office in Cirebon; the Eastern Java Operation Area, with the main office in Cepu; the Kalimantan Operation Area, with the main office in Balikpapan; and the Papua Operation Area, with the main office in Sorong.
JAKARTA, Indonesia, January 6 /PRNewswire/ -- The management of Denver-based Newmont Mining Corporation, with the management and employees of Newmont in Indonesia express condolences to the people of Indonesia in particularly the provinces of Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam and North Sumatra at this time of tragedy.
The government planned to implement a special autonomy law known as ''Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam,'' in which it will introduce Islamic Syaria Law and allow a greater share of revenue from its natural resources to be redirected to Aceh.
Through this system, the industry and trade minister determined PT Pupuk Iskandar Muda (PIM) to be responsible for distribution of urea fertilizer in Nangroe Aceh Darussalam (NAD) and North Sumatra.
Also partnering with USINDO and the University on this innovative project are the Department of Schools, City of Banda Aceh, the Department of Schools of Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam, the Ministry of National Education and the Sampoerna Foundation, a Jakarta-based organization that has been working on educational projects in Aceh for many years.
JAKARTA, Indonesia, January 6 /PRNewswire/ -- West Sumbawa-PT Newmont Nusa Tenggara (PTNNT) employees have generously donated approximately Rp292 million to victims of the recent earthquakes and tsunamis in Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam.
As favored by the majority of Acehnese, the province's name will be changed to Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam.
Coffee is grown in Indonesia by farmers and plantation companies mainly in Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam, North Sumatra, West Sumatra, South Sumatra, Lampung, Bengkulu, East Java, Bali, South Sulawesi and East Nusa Tenggara.
JAKARTA, Indonesia, January 2 /PRNewswire/ -- The health ministry of Indonesia today has sent 10 ton of medical and hygiene kit, 100 body boxes, 15 sanitation material, 70 vents and deployed 32 medical dan paramedical workers to Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam dan North Sumatera provinces.
PTPN I, which is located in Nangroe Aceh Darussalam, has oil palm plantations making up 58% of its total plantations in acreage.