Acetobacter

(redirected from Acetobacter xylinum)
Also found in: Medical, Wikipedia.

Acetobacter

[ə′sēd·ō‚bak·tər]
(microbiology)
A genus of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria of uncertain affiliation comprising ellipsoidal to rod-shaped cells as singles, pairs, or chains; they oxidize ethanol to acetic acid. Also known as acetic acid bacteria; vinegar bacteria.
References in periodicals archive ?
Produced by a bacterium known as Acetobacter xylinum, the cellulose is strong enough to cope with blood pressure and works well with the body's own tissue.
Cellulose synthesized by the aerobic bacterium Acetobacter xylinum has been useful as a model system for studying of microbial cellulose utilization.
Bacterial cellulose (BC) produced by Acetobacter xylinum has the same composition but has unique properties compared with cellulose from plants and can be considered superior on many accounts.