Acipenser


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Acipenser

[′as·ə‚pen·sər]
(vertebrate zoology)
A genus of actinopterygian fishes in the sturgeon family, Acipenseridae.

Acipenser

 

a genus of fishes of the family Acipenseridae (sturgeons). The genus includes freshwater and migratory forms, which are up to 3 m long and weigh up to 200 kg (Baltic sturgeon).

There are 16 species of Acipenser, eight of which are found in the USSR. The eight species are the ship sturgeon (Acipenser nudiventris), the sterlet (A. ruthensis), the stellate sturgeon (A. stellatus), the Russian sturgeon (A. güldenstädti), the Siberian sturgeon (A. baeri), the Amur sturgeon (A. schrencki), the Baltic sturgeon (A. sturio), and the green sturgeon (A. medirostris).

The Russian sturgeon, of which there are migratory and nonanadromous forms, inhabits the basins of the Black, Azov, and Caspian seas. A semimigratory form of the Siberian sturgeon is found in the rivers of Siberia, from the Ob’ to the Kolyma and Indigirka rivers; nonanadromous lake forms are found in Lake Baikal and Lake Zaisan. The Amur sturgeon, which has semimigratory and nonanadromous forms, is found only in the Amur Basin. The Baltic sturgeon, a rare migratory fish, is encountered in the basin of the Northern Atlantic and in the basin of the Mediterranean, Black, and Baltic seas. The green sturgeon is also very rare; it is a migratory fish found in the basin of the North Pacific, from the Bering Sea to the Korean Peninsula and California.

The Acipenser, particularly the Russian and stellate sturgeons, are extremely valuable commercial fishes. The largest number is caught in the Caspian Sea. In the USSR, some species are bred artificially.

REFERENCES

Berg, L. S. Ryby presnykh vod SSSR i sopredel’nykh stran, 4th ed., part 1. Moscow-Leningrad, 1948.
Zhizn’ zhivotnykh, vol. 4, part 1. Moscow, 1971.
Nikol’skii, G. V. Chastnaia ikhtiologiia, 3rd ed. Moscow, 1971.

V. M. MAKUSHOK

References in periodicals archive ?
Biology and population characteristics of the shortnose sturgeon, Acipenser brevirostrum Le Seuer 1818 (Osteichthyes: Acipseridae), in the Saint John Estuary, New Brunswick, Canada.
Chloride cells and pavement cells in gill epithelia of Acipenser naccarii: ultrastructural modifications in seawater-aclimated specimens.
Occurrence of the endangered shortnose surgeon, Acipenser brevirostrum, in the Delaware River.
Once inhabiting Gulf coastal rivers from the Mississippi River to Tampa Bay, the Gulf sturgeon Acipenser oxyrinchus desotoi is now rarely found south of the Suwannee River in Florida.
An effort to reintroduce the endangered species Acipenser fulvescens into lakes and rivers requires raising juvenile fish in an aquaculture setting.
Weber W: Population size and habitat use of shortnose sturgeon Acipenser brevirostrum in the Ogeechee River system, Georgia.
The Optimum Dietary Protein Level and the Optimum Protein to Energy Ratio in Sterlet Sturgeon, Acipenser ruthenus.
62) Reasonable and prudent alternatives identified new requirements for observer data collection on green sturgeon, Acipenser medirostris, and reporting on Steller sea lion, Eumetopias jubatus, interactions.
The starry sturgeon, Acipenser stellatus, (Pallas 1771), limited to the Black, Azov and Caspian Seas, is one of the most important sturgeon species.
These alterations of the river have had a detrimental impact on a number of native fish species including Acipenser Persicus.
Fluorescence in situ hybridization with rDNA probes on chromosomes of Acipenser ruthenus and Acipenser naccarii (Osteichthyes Acipenseriforms).