Acquittal


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Acquittal

 

(judgment of acquittal), a court’s finding that a prisoner is not guilty of a charge against him. A judgment of acquittal is rendered in instances when the event of a crime has not been established, when the act of the prisoner does not contain the elements of a crime, or when participation of the prisoner in the commission of the crime has not been proved. The acquitted person is considered exonerated regardless of the grounds for the acquittal. The judgment of acquittal cancels the measures of securing confiscation of property and measures of restraint. The acquitted person is released from guard in the courtroom immediately after the judgment is announced. The judgment of acquittal may be vacated by way of cassation only on protest of a procurator or on appeal of a victim or a person acquitted (the latter has the right to appeal the judgment with respect to the reasons and grounds of acquittal). Judgments of acquittal rendered by the supreme courts of the Union republics and the Supreme Court of the USSR are not subject to cassational appeal and protest. Review of a judgment of acquittal by way of supervision is permitted only within the first year after it has entered into force.

References in periodicals archive ?
On Thursday night, hundreds of Egyptians protested in Cairo against the acquittal, accusing the judges of "complicity" with the leaders of the former Mubarak regime.
Salem was equally furious at the acquittal of business tycoon Hussein Salem, who is currently in Spain and had failed to appear before the court.
If the highest court overturns the acquittal, prosecutors would be free to request Knox's extradition to Italy to finish whatever remained of her sentence.
Prosecutor Giuliano Mignini, who had maintained the trio killed Miss Kercher together during a drug-fuelled sex game, confirmed he would appeal to Italy's highest criminal court after publication of the reasons for the acquittals, due within 90 days.
The same day, the Lahore High Court (LHC) chief justice had taken suo motu notice of his acquittal and had directed Prosecution Secretary Rana Maqbool and Prosecutor General Syed Zahid Hussain Bokhari to give details of the cases against the accused.
An accountability court had exonerated them in the case and NAB had filed appeal against their acquittal.
It will do little to dispel concern that the sheikh's position as a member of Abu Dhabi's ruling family may have been the decisive factor in ensuring his acquittal, especially as it took the authorities several years even to bring the prosecution.
Citizens angered by the injustice that led to the acquittal of the 10 policemen are called upon to assemble outside the High Court building from 9.
Her acquittal was based not on the merits of the case, but due to missing court notes and evidence that made proceeding with the appeal impossible.
The supreme court also upheld the acquittal of Rabei Osman Sayed Ahmed, who during the 2007 court case was accused of being one of the instigators behind the bombings.
At a hearing in October, the Crown agreed that there should be an acquittal in Mr.
Dna evidence set to be used in thousands of forthcoming court cases is to be re-examined following the acquittal of Omagh bomb suspect Sean Hoey, the Crown Prosecution Service (CPS) said.