Act of Settlement

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Settlement, Act of,

1701, passed by the English Parliament, to provide that if William IIIWilliam III,
1650–1702, king of England, Scotland, and Ireland (1689–1702); son of William II, prince of Orange, stadtholder of the United Provinces of the Netherlands, and of Mary, oldest daughter of King Charles I of England.
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 and Princess Anne (later Queen AnneAnne,
1665–1714, queen of England, Scotland, and Ireland (1702–7), later queen of Great Britain and Ireland (1707–14), daughter of James II and Anne Hyde; successor to William III.
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) should die without heirs, the succession to the throne should pass to SophiaSophia
, 1630–1714, electress of Hanover, consort of Elector Ernest Augustus. She was the daughter of Frederick the Winter King and Elizabeth of Bohemia, who was the daughter of James I of England.
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, electress of Hanover, granddaughter of James IJames I,
1566–1625, king of England (1603–25) and, as James VI, of Scotland (1567–1625). James's reign witnessed the beginnings of English colonization in North America (Jamestown was founded in 1607) and the plantation of Scottish settlers in Ulster.
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, and to her heirs, if they were Protestants. The house of HanoverHanover, house of,
ruling dynasty of Hanover (see Hanover, province), which was descended from the Guelphs and which in 1714 acceded to the British throne in the person of George I.
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, which ruled Great Britain from 1714, owed its claim to this act. Among additional provisions, similar to those in the Bill of RightsBill of Rights,
1689, in British history, one of the fundamental instruments of constitutional law. It registered in statutory form the outcome of the long 17th-century struggle between the Stuart kings and the English Parliament.
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, were requirements that the king must join in communion with the Church of England (see England, Church ofEngland, Church of,
the established church of England and the mother church of the Anglican Communion. Organization and Doctrine

The clergy of the church are of three ancient orders: deacons, priests, and bishops.
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), that he might not leave England without parliamentary consent, and that English armies might not be used in defense of foreign territory without parliamentary consent. The act also prohibited royal pardons for officials impeached by Parliament. A clause providing that no appointee or pensioner of the king should sit in the House of Commons was repealed (1705) before the act became effective. The unpopularity of William's pro-Dutch policy, the lack of an heir to William or Anne, and fear of the JacobitesJacobites
, adherents of the exiled branch of the house of Stuart who sought to restore James II and his descendants to the English and Scottish thrones after the Glorious Revolution of 1688. They take their name from the Latin form (Jacobus) of the name James.
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 prompted the act.
References in periodicals archive ?
Male Royal heirs currently have prior claim to the British crown over their older sisters under the 1701 Act of Settlement.
Lord Reid certainly wants to abolish the 1701 Act of Settlement which bars Catholics like him from being monarch.
Our laws lie in 1688 Bill of Rights, Act of Settlement 1703 and the Magna Carta - The Great Charter of the Liberties of England, and of the Liberties of the Forest 1297 and remain on our statutes.
The Act of Settlement of 1701 also prevents Catholics, or members of the Royal Family who choose to marry Catholics, from taking the throne.
THE Catholic Times newspaper (July 18) featured the RC Bishop of Motherwell Joseph Devine criticising Conservative PM David Cameron, Deputy PM Nick Clegg and the new government over the Act of Settlement.
Prime Minister David Cameron has announced that plans to reform the 1701 Act of Settlement have been dropped.
The Prime Minister stressed there were no "easy answers" to changing the 1701 Act of Settlement.
The 1701 Act of Settlement states no Catholic can inherit the crown and any member of the royal family who marries a Catholic is barred from succession unless his or her spouse agrees to renounce the faith.
And he is considering at least revising the 1701 Act of Settlement, which would enable a non-Protestant to succeed to the throne and thereby, if there were no further change, become head of the Church of England.
Honourable Gordon Brown in London, England is reviewing the 1701 Act of Settlement, which presently excludes practising Catholics from ascending to the English throne.
We learn that there are already "two separate states for two hostile peoples" and that they exist in the West Bank itself, "[where] the Palestinians and the settlers have separate systems of roads, services, and laws," The whole story is there, from the first act of settlement just three months after the conclusion of the 1967 war to the most recent construction of outposts, bypass roads, and separation barrier.
The Act of Settlement of 1701 bans Catholics, or those married to Catholics, from ascending the British throne.