Action Française

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Action Française

 

the reactionary monarchist political organization which arose in France in 1899 under the leadership of C. Maurras. It took shape organizationally in 1905 and existed under this name until 1944, basing itself on reactionary nationalist circles of the militarist clique and aristocracy.

In the 1930’s, Action Française assumed a clearly fascist character. Under its leadership, armed detachments—Les Camelots du Roi (The King’s Hawkers)—were created; they participated in the fascist putsch of Feb. 6, 1934. During the German fascist occupation of France (1940–44), the organization existed legally and gave active support to the Pétain government’s policy of collaboration with the occupiers. After the liberation of France in 1944, Action Française was liquidated. However, by 1947 it was in effect reestablished. Monarchist elements are grouped around its newspaper Aspects de la France.

References in periodicals archive ?
Charles Maurras was a leading figure of the anti-democratic right in France for more than 50 years, and his highly polemical paper, Action francaise, was bitterly critical of everything the liberal democratic West now values, whether cultural pluralism, political equality, or what Maurras mocked as the human-rights heritage of the French Revolution.
Chapters on France include Peter Bemardi's "French Jesuits and the Action Francaise," which discusses the role of the Jesuits Pedro Descoqs, Pierre Rousellot, and Cardinal Louis Billot, who sympathized with the royalist, anti-Semitic group that was subsequently condemned by Pius XI in 1926.
But the hussars have a bad reputation: to fail to disavow one's roots in Action francaise means to be automatically labeled a maurrassien or a fascist.
Charles Maurras, leader of the deeply reactionary Action Francaise, saw Coubertin's Olympics as a liberal Anglo-Saxon plot to undermine racial vigour and native pride.
The Cagoule, formally the Comite secret d'action revolutionnaire (Secret Committee of Revolutionary Action), sprang from a late-1935 fracture within the royalist Action Francaise.
Action Francaise was a militant rightist movement in France begun in the late 1890s by Charles Maurras with the goal of replacing the Third Republic with some kind of traditional monarchical regime.
It faces up to many of the contradictions of this long-time enthusiast for Maurras's Action francaise, while offering "a theological point of view that helps explain the novelist's contrariness and political inconsistency" (7).
His treatment is more inclusive than works that limit themselves to discussion of Franco, Mussolini, and Hitler and includes such strands of the radical right such as Action Francaise in France.
At the same time, he was tolerant to a fault of the rightwing, monarchist Action Francaise.
The emergence of Petain's government produced, in the words of Action Francaise leader Charles Maurras, a "divine surprise," (1) a conjunction [conjoncture] when a previously minoritarian political Right could promulgate its vision of an eternal France of terroir [region], village, and farm.
So I begin by recalling how, some years ago, I met the aged Leader of a Catholic rightist cult, practically a recreation of the Action Francaise which had fascinated the young T.
There are no actual anti-Semitic statements in his name, although a filler in one issue of the Catholic Worker under his editorship is an item downloaded from Action Francaise propaganda that arguably has an anti-Semitic tinge, while Santamaria's mentor Denys Jackson took European Catholic theories about a world Jewish-Masonic-capitalist-pinko plot more seriously than they deserved.
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